Zimbalwa iindawo eOrange County ezibone inguqu enkulu yezopolitiko kulo nyaka uphelileyo, ukusuka kwiDemocrat ukuya kwiRiphabhlikhi, kunendawo exineneyo ecaleni kwesitalato iBrookhurst, kufutshane nentliziyo yeLittle Saigon.



Ngelixa abavoti base-Asia baseMelika kwilizwe lonke sele kumashumi eminyaka bethanda ukuvota iDemocrat, abavoti baseVietnam baseMelika - eOrange County nakwezinye iindawo - baye, ngenxa yendibano yezizathu zembali nezenkcubeko, ixesha elide bengqiyame ngasekunene.

Kodwa kude kube ngunyaka ophelileyo bekukho iimpawu eziguqukayo. Kwiminyaka yakutshanje, abantu abancinci baseVietnam baseMelika bebebhalisa njengeDemokhrasi. Kwaye, ngo-2016, indawo esecaleni kwesitalato iBrookhurst ivotele kakhulu (i-68% ukuya kwi-27%) ku-Hillary Clinton ngaphezulu kukaDonald Trump, kwaye uninzi lwezinye iindawo zase-Vietnamese zaseMelika zalandela ngokulandelayo.





Emva koko kwenzeka into. Kwiminyaka emine ezayo, nanjengoko abavoti be-Orange County ngokubanzi kunye nabantu base-Asia baseMelika kwilizwe liphela bekhula bechasa ngakumbi uTrump, uluntu lwasekhaya lwaseVietnam lwaseMelika lujikeleze umongameli othetha phandle. Kwaye ngoNovemba, i-53% yabavoti kule ndawo yaseSaigon encinci baxhasa uTrump ngelixa i-47% ixhasa uJoe Biden.

Ulonyulo lubangele iyantlukwano ecacileyo eLittle Saigon, apho iicafe zininzi kwaye ukuthetha ngezopolitiko kuyinto eqhelekileyo, nokuba ikude ekuhlaleni.



Ngeli xesha bekushubile, ngakumbi kule dolophu, utshilo uRoxanne Chow, itshantliziyo lexesha elide ekuhlaleni kunye nowayesakuba ngumkomishinala wocwangciso waseWestminster.

Sinabantu abangabaxhasi abomeleleyo beBiden kunye neHarris. Kwaye ke sinabantu abathembeke kakhulu kuTrump. Kangangeminyaka emininzi, babengabahlobo bokwenene bonke. Kodwa baya kungena kwezi ngxoxo zishushu kakhulu, utshilo uChow.



Ubunokuziva uxinezeleka.

Iidemokhrasi zasekhaya zityhola iphulo lolwazi olungachanekanga ngasekunene kuluntu lwaseVietnam lokujikela ngakuTrump.Bakwavuma ukuba abenzanga ngokwaneleyo ukufikelela kuluntu lwaseVietnam lwasekhaya, kunye neenkokeli zeqela ziqalisa umzamo omtsha wokuvala eso sikhewu.



Abantu baseRiphabhlikhi banyanzelisa ukuba utshintsho lwalulula lwezopolitiko kwaye ixabiso le-GOP lilungelelaniswe ngcono noluntu lwaseVietnam.

Nokuba kunjalo, ngoku kukho ukwahlukana okucacileyo phakathi kwezizukulwana, kunye nomzabalazo wamandla oqhubekayo wokuthatha isigqibo sokuba, ukuya phambili, abantu abancinci baseVietnam baseMelika baya kungqiyama kumaRiphabhlikhi okanye kwiDemokhrasi.



UJulie Diep waseGarden Grove (Ifoto ngoncedo lukaJoe Pham)

Ndiziva ngathi sikwincam yeyona ndawo ibalulekileyo kuluntu lwaseVietnam, apho abadala bazimisele ukusidlulisela itotshi kuba kufuneka benjenjalo, utshilo uJulie Diep, 44, waseGarden Grove.

Umbuzo ngowokuba, ngowuphi kuthi oza kuthenjwa ngelo lifa?

Imbali kunye nenkcubeko idlala

Nini UFrank Jao wafika eOrange County eneminyaka engama-27 ngo-1975, wafika kumhlaba we-GOP. I-Orange County yayiyindawo yokuzalwa kukaRichard Nixon kunye nendawo yokuzalwa yeJohn Birch Society. Idolophu yayinjalo, njengoko uMongameli uReagan wayeya kuqhula kamva, indawo amaRiphabhlikhi alungileyo aya kuyo ngaphambi kokuba bafe.

I-Orange County yayiyiRiphabhlikhi kakhulu. Kwaye njengomfana omtsha, uhamba nepati, uJao, ngoku una-74, utshilo.

Wayephakathi kwe-50,000 yaseVietnam eqhutywe ngeCamp Pendleton emva kokuthatha kwamakomanisi eSaigon kunye nokuphela kweMfazwe yaseVietnam. Igagasi lesibini labafuduki baseVietnam beza ngo-1979, ngokufika kwabantu baseBoat ababaleka iVietnam yamakomanisi. Ukutyhubela iminyaka, kwalandela abaninzi ngakumbi.

Uluntu ludale isithili seshishini esikhulayo ecaleni kwe-Bolsa Avenue eWestminster, eyona Saigon inkulu ngaphandle kweVietnam. Namhlanje, i-Orange County likhaya labantu abamalunga ne-204,000 abazalelwa eVietnam okanye abanesidima saseVietnam, abaneepokotho ezinkulu eWestminster, eGarden Grove, eSanta Ana naseFountain Valley.

UJao wasuka kwimbacu waya kusomashishini, encedisa ukubumba isithili saseSaigon esikhulayo. Inkampani yakhe, iBridgecreek Group, iphuhliswe kwaye iphethe iipropati ezingaphezu kwe-1,000.

UFrank Jao uphuhlise kakhulu iSaigon encinci.(Ifoto nguAna Venegas, iOrange County Register/SCNG)

Iqela leRiphabhlikhi, wathi, limele iimbono ezihambelana noluntu lwaseVietnam: usapho, ukuthanda izwe, ushishino kunye nokuzimela. I-GOP, ukholelwa ukuba, ichasene nobukomanisi kunye nokungenelela kukarhulumente.

USodolophu waseWestminster uTri Ta, owafika e-US eneminyaka eyi-19 ngo-1992, wakhankanya imigaqo-nkqubo efanayo eyamtsalela ukuba abhalise njengeRiphabhlikhi kamsinya nje emva kokuba engummi ngowe-1999.

Ndiyakholelwa kwimigaqo yeRiphabhlikhi efana nokuba ngumntu ogcinayo, oziphakamisayo ngokwenyani iinqobo zosapho, ishishini lasimahla, ulawulo oluncinci lukarhulumente kunye nenkululeko yomntu wonke, kumntu ngamnye.

UTa, owaba ngu Usodolophu wokuqala waseVietnam waseMelika kuso nasiphi na isixeko saseMelika ngo-2012, wathi abantu abaninzi baseVietnam bajonga iqela laseRiphabhlikhi njengelithanda ilizwe kwaye lixhasa umkhosi, abathi bathembe inkululeko yabo.

Ekubeni igagasi labaphambukeli baseVietnam beza njengeembacu ezibalekela ubuKomanisi, eso sizukulwana sokuqala sazibona sahlukile kwamanye amaqela abaphambukeli. Ke uJao uthe ezinye iingongoma zokuthetha ngeDemokhrasi - kubandakanya into awayibiza ngokuba kukutyhalela imida evulekileyo - yayi, ngokwezopolitiko, ukuzibulala kubavoti kwindawo yakhe.

Kwabaninzi baseVietnam, ukuba uvula imida, kufana nokushiya ucango lwakho lwangaphambili luvulekile ebusuku xa ulala.

Izikhewu zesizukulwana ziyakhula

Oko kuthembeka kwangaphambili kwiqela leRiphabhlikhi kubambelele kakhulu kweso sizukulwana sokuqala sabaphambukeli baseVietnam. Phantse i-68% yabavoti basekhaya baseVietnam abangama-50 nangaphezulu babhaliswe njengeRiphabhlikhi ngoSuku loNyulo, ngokwamanani avela kwiPolitical Data Inc.

Ngelixa uTa evuma ukuba kuninzi okutshintshileyo kwiminyaka yakutshanje, uthe ukholelwa ukuba iinqununu eziphambili zeqela laseRiphabhlikhi zibambe ngokukhawuleza.

Kodwa abafuduki baseVietnam abafika bengabantwana abancinci, kunye nesizukulwana sesibini kunye nesesithathu se-Vietnamese yaseMelika, ababambeleli kwipatheni.

Ngaphezu kwe-65% ye-Vietnamese yobudala be-49 nangaphantsi kwi-Orange County babhaliswe njenge-Democrats njengoSuku loNyulo, ngokweDatha yezoPolitiko ye-Inc.

Abantu baseRiphabhlikhi baseVietnam babonisa ukuba lo mkhwa awukho kuluntu lwabo kuphela. UTa ucaphule iqhalo ekudala lisithi bonke abantu abancinci badla ngokukhululeka kodwa baye babe ngqongqo ngakumbi xa sele bekhulile, bathenge amakhaya, banabantwana kwaye baqalise ukuhlawula irhafu.

Kodwa iiDemokhrasi zasekhaya zaseVietnam zithi aziyixhasi imigaqo-nkqubo kunye neengcinga ezitsalele abazali babo kunye nootatomkhulu babo kwiqela leRiphabhlikhi-nokuba khange bathethe ngayo.

Njengabantu abancinci ekuhlaleni, ngokwenkcubeko, siyacelwa ukuba sibahlonele abadala bethu nangona imibono yabo kunye nokuvota kwabo kwahluke kakhulu kuneyethu, utshilo uDiep, owabhalisa njengeDemocrat kwiminyaka emihlanu eyadlulayo.

Uthe wabalekela kubantu abancinci baseVietnam baseMelika kwiindibano zikaTrump ekwindla yokugqibela, ejongeka eneentloni. Abanye bamxelela ukuba baziswe ngabazali babo. Kwaye uvile ukuba abantu baseVietnam basekhaya ngamanye amaxesha bade bavote njengosapho, begcwalisa iivoti kwaye bazithumele kunye.

U-Diep wayeneminyaka eyi-5 kuphela xa abazali bakhe beshiya iVietnam ngesikhephe kwi-1981. Akakhumbuli evalelwe ngaphandle kokutya okanye amanzi, okanye ubomi kwinkampu yeembacu kwiiPhilippines ngaphambi kokuba abazali bakhe baye eSouthern California.

Umama wathi kum, ‘Ukwilizwe elitsha. Ufunda ukuthetha ulwimi kwaye uphumelele, ”ukhumbula uDiep. Ke de wayeneminyaka engama-30, xa umama wakhe waswelekayo, uDiep wathi akazange athethe nelizwi lesiVietnamese.

Ukholelwa ukuba umsantsa wokuvelisa osoloko ukhankanywa kwiyantlukwano phakathi kwabavoti baseVietnam ngenene umalunga nokwahlulwa kolwimi kunye nokufikelela kulwazi.

Kuba isizukulwana esitsha singakwazi ukufunda nokuthetha isiNgesi ubukhulu becala, uthe banokufikelela kwimithombo yolwazi ethe kratya kwimithombo eyahlukeneyo ukuze bajonge into abayivayo okanye abayibonayo kumajelo eendaba ezentlalo. Isizukulwana esidala, wongeze ukuba, kunokwenzeka ukuba sive ulwazi lwe-anecdotal kubahlobo okanye ukufumana zonke iindaba zabo ekuphumeleleni kwaye (ngokombono wakhe) zixhomekeke ekunene kwimithombo yeendaba yolwimi lwaseVietnam.

Ezinye zezo zixhobo zeendaba zolwimi lwaseVietnam ziphindaphinda iingongoma zokuthetha zobuxoki, ngokutsho kukaLong Bui, unjingalwazi wezifundo zamazwe ngamazwe e-UC Irvine obhale malunga nomsebenzi we-anticommunist wase-Vietnamese waseMelika kunye nokwahluka kwezizukulwana ngokunxulumene nezopolitiko zasekhaya. Lo mahluko wesizukulwana, utshilo, ubandakanya inkolelo kumabango okuba i-China idale i-coronavirus ukuthoba uTrump kunye nomyalezo wephulo lesmear obonisa ukuba uBiden akakuxhasi ukuhlaliswa kwakhona kwababaleki.

Santa Ana Councilwoman Thai Viet Phan, iDemocrat , uthe uluntu lwasekuhlaleni luxhomekeke kwiinguqulelo zeendaba zolwimi lwaseVietnam ezivela kwiFox News kunye namanye amajelo alondolozayo.

Umbono wam wokuba kutheni uTrump enze ngcono ngo-2020 yayiliphulo eliqhubekayo lokubulala iintsholongwane, utshilo. Ukuba utsho ngokwaneleyo, nokuba yinyani okanye hayi, abantu baya kuyiva. Kwaye uyiphinde.

Njengolunye uluntu lwabavoti, uDiep noBui bathi imeko yezemali nayo idlala indima kwindlela abantu basekhaya baseVietnam baseMelika abavota ngayo. Abo bangabanini beendawo zokutyela zasekhaya kunye neevenkile zegrosari bakhathazekile ngenxa yerhafu ephezulu kunye nokuvalwa kwe-COVID-19, ngoko banokuthi bavotele iRiphabhlikhi. Kodwa abasebenzi abasebenza kula mashishini manye abanawo ukhathalelo lwempilo okanye iintsuku zokugula ezihlawulwayo, ke bathembela kwiidemokhrasi ezithembisa ukukhulula ezo ngxaki.

Ubume bokufudukela kwelinye ilizwe kunye nokuziqhelanisa ngokwesondo nazo zidlala indima yokuba abantu baseVietnam baseMelika banokuvotela iRiphabhlikhi okanye iDemocrat, utshilo uBui.

Ngawo onke la maqela akhula kwaye ethetha ngakumbi, abavoti baseVietnam baseMelika eOrange County nangaphaya babesele beqalile ukuya ngasekhohlo.

Emva koko kwafika unyulo luka-2020.

I-China iqhubela phambili kwi-Trump

Imephu indlela uSaigon omncinci avote ngayo kunyulo lukamongameli luka-2016, kwaye umphumo uluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka. Yenza kwakhona imephu ngo-2020, kwaye iba bomvu oqinileyo, kunye nezinye iindawo ezimnyama ezibomvu kuyo yonke iOrange County, ethe, iyonke, yathanda iBiden (54%) ngaphezulu kukaTrump (44%).

Abavoti baseVietnam babeqhele abezopolitiko abapholisiweyo ababechanekile kwezopolitiko kwaye benozakuzaku, utshilo uTa, ke ngo-2016 bangqiyama ngakuHillary Clinton. Kodwa emva kokubona uTrump esebenza iminyaka emine, uTa uthe wabona ujingi olukhulu kuluntu lwaseVietnam.

Ifoto yefayile kaSodolophu waseWestminster uTri Ta, usodolophu wokuqala onyuliweyo waseVietnam waseMelika.

Ubalule isicwangciso serhafu sikaTrump kunye neminye imigaqo-nkqubo yezoqoqosho. Kodwa yena nabanye abaninzi bathi utshintsho lunokushwankathelwa ngegama elinye: iTshayina.

Ndicinga ukuba lo mgaqo-nkqubo ngenene, eyona nto yenza ukuba uninzi lwesizukulwana sokuqala saseVietnam sivotele (uTrump), utshilo uTa. Wayenomgaqo-nkqubo waseTshayina owomeleleyo wokuchasa ubuKomanisi.

I-China yayilawula iVietnam kangangeenkulungwane, kunye nezizwe zombini qhubeka ungqubana kwimiba efana nemida kunye nobutyebi bendalo. Ke uBui uthe abantu abaninzi baseVietnam baye bashukunyiselwa ukuba bavotele uTrump emva kokumjonga esenza imfazwe neTshayina enika izibonelelo ezinokubakho eVietnam.

Zininzi izinto abangazithandiyo ngaye, kodwa bayayilinganisa ngezinto ezibalulekileyo kubo, utshilo uChow. Akoyiki ukugxeka iTshayina kwaye ayithethe njengoko injalo. Yiyo loo nto uninzi lwabadala bethu bexhasa uTrump.

Ezo mvakalelo zokuchasa i-China kuluntu lwaseVietnam sesinye sezizathu zokuba abantu abaninzi bathi ukusetyenziswa kukaTrump kwamagama anje ngentsholongwane yaseTshayina akuzange kubakhathaze abanye kuluntu lwaseVietnam ngendlela ekwacaphukisa ngayo abanye abantu baseAsia baseMelika.

Abanye babone i-rhetoric kaTrump ijolise ikakhulu kwiqela lamakomanisi laseTshayina kwaye, ukongezelela, ilizwe laseTshayina, utshilo uBui.

Ke, wongeze, abantu abadala baseVietnam baseMelika abalubonanga ulwimi lukaTrump njengolubachaphazelayo, nangona ukunyuka kwesizwe kulwaphulo-mthetho oluchasene nentiyo yaseAsia lubandakanya abantu baseVietnam baseMelika.

Imiba yasekuhlaleni edlalwayo

Kwiinyanga ezikhokelela kunyulo lukaNovemba inani leziganeko kwinqanaba likarhulumente kunye nelommandla azizange zihambelane neDemokhrasi kunye noluntu lwaseVietnam.

Okokuqala uJeff LeTourneau, owayengusekela-sihlalo kunye neDemocratic Party yaseOrange County, ndafumana ubushushu ngokwabelana ngeposti kaFacebook encoma inkokeli yaseVietnam yamaKomanisi uHo Chi Minh. ULeTourneau wehla. Kodwa ii-mailers zonyulo zaphuma ngokukhawuleza zidibanisa ummeli weDemocratic Rep. Harley Rouda - ngoko ebaleka ukugcina isihlalo sakhe seNdlu yonxweme - kunye nezimvo zikaLeTourneau, nangona uRouda wayebagxeka ngokukhawuleza.

Emva koko uRhulumente weDemokhrasi uGavin Newsom wenza into engenasiseko phawula malunga nesaluni yeenzipho ebangela ukusasazeka kwe-COVID-19 eCalifornia. UTa uthe oko kubangele umsindo omkhulu, kwaye ukholelwa ukuba kungenxa yoko iinzame zokukhumbula iNewsom ifumana inkxaso kuluntu lwaseVietnam lwaseMelika.

Kwakukho neengxelo zokuba uRouda, owayekho uvaleleke kumlo onzima kunye neRiphabhlikhi uMichelle Steel kugqatso lweSithili sama-48, wayekhe waya kumatheko eMekong Delta xa wayelilungu leDelta Tau Delta fraternity kwiDyunivesithi yaseKentucky kwiminyaka engama-40 eyadlulayo. Iphulo likaRouda lathi akazange akhumbule iinkcukacha okanye ingxabano ejikeleze la maqela ngelo xesha, kodwa ukuba uyabagxeka kakhulu namhlanje.

Ngeli xesha, ividiyo yokuqala ye-Rouda ye-2022 yephulo ibandakanya ividiyo ye-Steel kwiminyaka eliqela eyadlulayo esithi: Kukho amaqela amabini kuphela eMelika: Iqela leRiphabhlikhi kunye neQela lamaKomanisi.

UDiep uvakalise ukuphoxeka kwiintengiso zezopolitiko esebenzisa amagama avuselelayo anje ngobuKomanisi, athi abancinci, abantu baseVietnam abaqhubela phambili baye bakuphepha kuba besazi ukuba yingozi kangakanani le mibutho kwabo babaleka iVietnam yamaKomanisi.

Abadala bethu basebenzisa la magama abangela ukuba abantu bavote kunye nabo, utshilo uDiep. Kuthi, baphantse bamfamekiswa kwimiba ebaluleke ngokwenene kubo.

U-Tracy La, okhokela iqela eliqhubela phambili labatsha-ntliziyo base-Vietnamese baseMelika i-VietRISE, uthe uluntu lwaluzaliswe ngabantu abathumela i-imeyile ngolwimi lwase-Vietnamese ngaphambi konyulo lukaNovemba. Umhlali waseSanta Ana oneminyaka engama-25 uthe uninzi lweentengiso zithetha ngeVietnam, China kunye nobukomanisi.

Kwelinye icala, uLa uthe, yayilicebo lezopolitiko elikrelekrele kwicala labaviwa abafuna ukudibanisa ukuxhwaleka kwabo babaleke eVietnam kwaye bafumane amanqaku ezopolitiko. Kodwa uLa wayibiza ngokuba liqhinga eliphantsi ngokweemvakalelo ukungena kumonzakalo weemvakalelo zabantu, ecaphula indlela utatomkhulu wakhe wayelibanjwa lemfazwe eVietnam.

Umyalezo ngoNovemba uphinde wabonisa ukuba abaviwa bajonga abavoti baseVietnam njengebloko yokuvota ye-monolithic kwaye abakhange bazikhathaze ngokuzibandakanya ngendlela enentsingiselo, utshilo uLa.

Namhlanje, uthe abantu baseVietnam baseMelika banomdla ngakumbi kwimicimbi yezentlalo okanye yesakhiwo ebachaphazelayo: imiba efana izindlu kwaye i ukunqongophala kwamakhaya afikelelekayo okanye ukufudukela kwelinye ilizwe kwaye amalungelo abaphambukeli .

Iye kude kakhulu

Kwanexesha elide le-GOP yaseVietnam, umongameli weTrump wabatyhalela ngaphaya komda.

Umphuhlisi omncinci weSaigon uJao wavotela uTrump ngo-2016. Kwiminyaka emine kamva, wamvotela kwakhona. Ngeli xesha, ngokukhawuleza.

Waya kude kakhulu, watsho uJao.

UTrump, uthe, uphumile kwizivumelwano ezininzi zamazwe aphesheya, kubandakanya neNtsebenziswano yePasifiki, ejonge ukulwa namandla eTshayina, kunye neSivumelwano saseParis sokuthulisa ifuthe lokutshintsha kwemozulu kwihlabathi liphela. Kumzamo wakhe wokutyhala umgaqo-nkqubo wokufuduka ochasene nomthetho, uTrump ukwanciphise ukungena ngokusemthethweni e-United States njengendawo yokukhosela.

Wahamba wayokubetha amagubu ukuze abantu beve kodwa abanye bengenangqondo, utshilo uJao.

Kwaye ngelixa umyalezo kaTrump ochasene ne-China wawunxibelelana naye, uJao uthe ukhathazekile ngokungaboni ngakumbi e-US kwintlekele yokusingqongileyo ka-2016 eziswe yiFormosa Plastics Corp yaseTaiwan, eyayityholwa ngokulahla izinto ezinetyhefu kwisityalo sayo sentsimbi. eyaphelisa ukuloba kunye nokhenketho kumaphondo amaninzi aseVietnam.

Ummi waseRiphabhlikhi ukususela ekufikeni kwakhe e-Orange County, uJao uthe ucinga ukutshintsha ukubhaliswa kwakhe ukuba akukho qela likhethayo. Ukwacinga ukungavoti, nangona engazange aphoswe lunyulo olunye.

Nangona bekungekho zitenxo zixhaphakileyo kunyulo luka-2020 uJao, njengabantu abaninzi baseMelika abaye baxhasa uTrump, banqwala ngombono wobuqhophololo obuchasene ne-GOP.

Andiqinisekanga ukuba ndiyayithemba inkqubo yokuvota kwakhona, utshilo uJao.

Iidemokhrasi zinyusa ukufikelela

Ngabanye abantu baseVietnam baseMelika becinywe ngumbutho wangoku weRiphabhlikhi, iiDemokhrasi ziceba ukuhenda abavoti abatsha. Iqela leDemokhrasi laseOrange County lisanda kumisela iKomiti yokuFikelela yaseVietnam.

Into yokuqala ekufuneka siyenzile kukuqonda ukuba thina njengabemi baseVietnam baseMelika kunye nabaphambukeli kweli lizwe sinokumela kwaye sinokukhulisa amazwi abantu abangagcinwanga, utshilo umhlali waseGarden Grove uDiep, oza kukhokela umzamo.

Ufuna iqela ligxininise kwimiba, endaweni yentetho-buciko okanye ubuntu. Imiba engundoqo kuluntu, uthe, ibandakanya ukufikelela kwimfundo efikelelekayo kunye nokhathalelo lwempilo kunye nenkxaso kumashishini amancinci.

Siye sabona ukuba uninzi lwale miba yasidibanisa ngokwenene, ayizange isahlule, utshilo uDiep.

Ingqalelo kwinto efunwa ngabavoti baseVietnam lixesha elide, ngokutsho kukaBui.

Akukho qela linye elenze umsebenzi omhle kakhulu, kuba umsebenzi omninzi wokudibanisa wenzeka kwinqanaba elisezantsi, utshilo uBui.

Omabini amaqela, kwinqanaba likarhulumente kunye nelizwe, athathe uluntu lula.




Choice Umhleli Ukuba