Kukho amandla etheko lokuzalwa kwigumbi lokuhlala likaSteve Fogel eSan Carlos. Iyakhwaza! Ukuncwina! Ngabantu abangxolayo kuphela abangabantwana. Bangabantu abadala, i-16 abantu abadala abanoxanduva bazenza ngathi baphosa ibhola engabonakaliyo yombane kwisangqa. Zip! Zap! Boing! bayakhwaza, bezenza umothuko (ngokoqobo) okanye ukuzibhokoxa kakhulu okanye ukuqhwanyaza iMarx Brothers bamangaliswe njengoko ibhola yombane ihamba ngapha nangapha.



Sisiqalo sokuzilolonga veki nganye kwaba bazinikeleyo ekuphuculeni-ubugcisa bokwenza izinto ngendlela ephucukileyo, isiko elihloniphekileyo eliye laba ngumnqweno. Into enkulu elandelayo emva kwe-yoga kunye ne-gluten-free diet, i-imrov yi-thiyetha kunye nonyango, indlela yokuba iingcali ezinentambo zikhululeke kwiikhomputha zazo kwaye zibe nobudenge, zibuyele kumdlalo wabantwana, zikhulule ukucinga, zikhulule, zimamele kwaye zidibanise. — nabantu, hayi iikhompyuter.

Ndikhotyokiswe yiyo, utshilo uFogel, oneminyaka engama-53, i-software echazayo elawula iqela lobunjineli eSan Francisco kwaye ithathe iiklasi eziphucukileyo iminyaka emihlanu. Ndixakekile kukuhamba kwam nomsebenzi osisigxina, kwaye ndinabantwana ababini, kwaye ndingutata ongatshatanga. Ngoko le yintetho yam, imbonakalo yam. Ivumela ukuba sidlale.





Ngobusuku obunye, uFogel kunye neqela baya kushukuma ekubeni benze i-skit malunga ne-psychotherapist egxile ekuphatheni amawele e-Siamese ukuya kwelinye malunga neemodeli ezimbini zeekati kwifoto yabo yokuqala. Yonke le nto ihleli kumabonwakude, enye imnandi kakhulu, enye yaxuxuzela-kwaye yonke iphuculwe ukusuka ekuqaleni.

Umntu unokuchitha iminyaka efezekisa umsebenzi wobugcisa. Ngokuqhelekileyo ilungu leklasi - okanye umntu kubaphulaphuli kwintsebenzo esemgangathweni okanye ephucukileyo - uya kucebisa imeko okanye umlingiswa ukuze aqalise izinto. Emva koko i-improvisers ivele iqhube kunye nayo, ukwakha i-skit okanye umdlalo, umgca ngomgca, kwi-fly.



Ngokuphucuka, unokwenza konke: Unokuba ngumphangi. Ungawela ngaphakathi nangaphandle kothando ngemizuzu emithathu, utshilo uMelanie Chartoff, umlingisi weTV ose-Los Angeles kunye nomhlohli ophucukileyo, ozifundo zakhe zePeninsula eziye zatsala uFogel kunye nabanye kwiqela lakhe. Ndicinga ukuba sonke silambele ukudlala irepertoire yethu yonke, esingafumani thuba lokuyenza kwimisebenzi yethu yemini encinci. Ubomi bakho abukapheli kwiminyaka engama-40 okanye engama-50, utshilo, kwaye le midlalo iphucukileyo ikugcina uselula, ikugcina umanzi, kwaye unokuvelisa izinto ezintsha kwiminyaka ephakathi. Unemiba emininzi yokudubula kwakho.

Iiklasi zokuqala zinikezelwa kulo lonke elaseBay Area. Rhoqo, bagcwele abantu abathandanayo, abanye babo bahamba bayokuqala iqela labo labaphuculi, ngendlela yeFogel kunye nabahlobo. Ngokuchasene ne-intuitively, iiklasi ezininzi ziye zaphumelela kulo lonke ixesha lokudodobala koqoqosho: Emva kokuwohloka kwemarike, besifana, 'Awu, hayi! Kukho umvuzo olahlwayo wonke umntu, ”utshilo uClifford Henderson, umseki weZiko lolonwabo esekwe eSanta Cruz. Kodwa iiklasi zethu ziye zanda, kwaye ndicinga ukuba kungenxa yokuba abantu bafuna nje ukukhulula uxinzelelo kunye nokuba phakathi kwabantu abalungileyo.



URebecca Stockley, utitshala omkhulu kwiBATS Improv yaseSan Francisco (eyayifudula ibizwa ngokuba yiBay Area Theatre Sports) kunye neBerkeley Rep, uthi, Ngokukodwa kwiBay Area, abantu bahleli kwigumbi becofa amaqhosha imini yonke. Kwezinye iimeko, unamagumbi azele ngabantu abamangalisayo xa beyila iinkqubo. Kodwa xa ubahlalisa phantsi ukuze nincokole, abajongani ngamehlo. Banobunzima bokubeka amagama kwimeko ethile.

Bafunda indlela, uninzi lwabo, kwiklasi ephucukileyo, utshilo.



Umgaqo oyintloko we-improv (owaziwa ngokuba ngu-ewe, kunye nomgaqo) kukuba xa umntu ophucula ethetha umgca, umphuculi olandelayo uyawamkela kwaye akhe phezu kwawo. Akukho kungqubuzana phezu komgca, okanye ukucebisa into enokusebenza ngcono. Ngokukhawuleza, umntu usebenzisa oko akunikiweyo, ukunweba ukucinga, kunye nokuqhubela phambili ikhonkco le-daisy lokucacisa. Oku kuvuma ukumamela kunye nokwamkela, ukuqengqeleka kunye nokuqwalasela iindlela ezintsha ezizezinye kuthiwa sisifundo sobomi esiphuma kubomi babafundi abaphucukileyo - i-techies, therapists, ootitshala, amagqwetha, ababhali kunye nabanye ababonisa iiklasi. kunye neStockley kunye nabanye abahlohli.

Ndiva okuninzi oku: ‘Ndifuna ukukhawuleza ndime ngeenyawo,’ utsho uStockley. Okanye: ‘Abantu bandixelela ukuba ndiyahlekisa. Ndifuna ukubona indlela yokwenza oko ngcono.’ Owu, nantsi eyona nto ndiyithandayo: Lo mfo uvela eSilicon Valley, kwaye uthi, ‘Ndifuna ukudlala kwengqondo echanekileyo.’ Wayezivavanya, uvavanya u-Stockley, othe mva nje wafundisa iiklasi eHolland, eFinland, eSingapore naseJapan.



Oko kuthethiweyo, ukuphucuka akusiyo eyomntu wonke; abanye bayifumana iyoyikisa okanye ayibafanelanga.

Kodwa abo babambelele kuyo badla ngokwenza amabango abonakala ngathi ayacaphukisa malunga nefuthe lenguquko ekhoyo ebomini babo. Ibenza bazenzekele ngakumbi, bathi, bathintelwe kancinci: andiziqiqi iingcinga neemvakalelo zam, kwaye ndihlele kwaye ndizigxeke ngendlela ebendikade ndisenza ngayo, utsho uFogel. Uninzi lwabantu, ngakumbi iinjineli, bathanda ukuhlalutya kakhulu, kwaye ndinaso eso sikhundla. Kodwa oku kundenze ndaba ngumphulaphuli ongcono kunye nomnxibelelanisi ongcono, onokusabela okungokwemvelo koko abantu bakutshoyo.

I-ripple effect ye-Improv ibanzi. Ngokujikeleza i-bay, iyinto eqhelekileyo kwiinkampani - ukusuka kuGoogle kunye nePixar ukuya kwi-Intuit, iVirgin America kunye ne-DreamWorks - ukuqesha abaqeqeshi abaphuculweyo ukuba bafundise unxibelelwano kunye nokwakhiwa kweqela.

Emva kwayo yonke loo nto, ukuba ngokuzenzekelayo kunye nengqondo evulekileyo kunokuba yinto edibeneyo emsebenzini: ndikwiikomiti ezizama ukwenza uphuculo, utshilo uKatrina Galway, umphathi wezobuchwephesha kwintlambo kunye nelungu elide leqela leFogel, kunye nabantu. uze nazo zonke iintlobo zeengcamango, yaye bekuya kuba lula ngokwenene ukuthi, ‘Andiyithandi loo ngcamango; oko akukho ngqiqweni.’ Kunoko, uthi, ‘Hmm. Masizame kwaye siyibandakanye loo nto, kwaye emva koko kunye niza nento entsha.

Kwezinye iimeko, abaphuculi bathi bacinga ngaphandle kwebhokisi njengamagcisa kunye nababhali: Ufumana uyilo lokuqala ngaphandle koloyiko, utsho uHenderson, ngaphandle kokuqhuba iZiko loLonwabo, umbhali weenoveli ezininzi zabantu abadala abancinci. Le ncwadi iba yinto nje enkulu ephucukileyo, apho ndidlala wonke umntu. Ikunika nje imvakalelo yokutsiba ngaphakathi kwesikhumba somlinganiswa.

UBetsy Franco, umbhali weenoveli zabantu abadala abancinci kunye nemidlalo yabantwana (kunye nelungu leqela laseSan Carlos noFogel), wakhela kulo mxholo: Abalinganiswa bam, njengam, baye baphuma ngakumbi, utshilo. Umama womdlali wefilimu uJames Franco, wayedla ngokubandezeleka ngeeveki zokuxhalaba, elindele ukunikezelwa kwencwadi yakhe ezikolweni nakumaqela ethala leencwadi. Ngalo lonke ixesha, wayezama ukuqikelela oko iqela ngalinye linokukulindela ukuba likuthethe. Ngoku uqengqeleka nje ngayo: Ndiyathanda kakhulu ukwenza ngcono, uyaqhula. Kodwa kulungile kakhulu kum ukuba ndingazi ukuba kuza ntoni, ukungakwazi ukulungiselela, ukumamela kwaye ujonge kwaye uhambe ukusuka apho. Iyasebenza.

Ngamanye amaxesha izifundo ziba yinto eqhelekileyo: U-Edwin Fabian, osebenza kubasebenzi kwishishini lase-Emeryville, wathatha iklasi eStockley eBerkeley Rep kwaye wagqiba ukuthetha ngakumbi nentombi yakhe: Masithi besithetha ngento engacwangciswanga njengemiboniso bhanyabhanya okanye nantoni na. Kunokuba ndiphulaphule uluvo lwakhe ndize ndithi, ‘Enoba ucinga ntoni na,’ ndandidla ngokubuza imibuzo elandelayo ukuze nje ndicacise, yaye sasincokola ngakumbi. Incede kakhulu.

Zonke ezi nguqu zobomi, zivela kwifom yobugcisa kunye neengcambu ezibuyela emva kweenkulungwane ukuya kwi-theater yesitalato saseNtaliyane eyaziwa ngokuba yiCommedia dell'arte all'improvviso (i-comedy ngokusebenzisa ubugcisa bokuphucula). Kwezi ntsuku, imiboniso yengingqi iyachuma, kunye neChicago kunye neLos Angeles njengezona ndawo ziphambili kwimidlalo yobungcali. ESan Francisco, iqela leengcali e-BATS Improv ngokuqhelekileyo liya kuqengqeleka ngokuphuculwa kwemizuzu engama-90 ngexesha. Kule nyanga, kabini qho ngeempelaveki kwiqela leBayfront Theatre, eli qela liphucula umculo weBroadway oSpontaneous.

Uninzi lwabaphuculi abanakuze bafikelele kwelo nqanaba lokusebenza, ewe, kodwa ukunyuka kunokuqala ngeeklasi zabaqalayo. Umazibuthe unamandla, kuba eyona nto iphambili ibonelela ngeyona nto iphambili: Imalunga nokuphinda ufumane into oyenzileyo xa wawusengumntwana, utshilo uRegina Saisi, umhlohli we-BATS kunye nomphuculi weminyaka engama-30. Kwaye wonke umntu ufuna oko.

Qhagamshelana noRichard Scheinin kwi-408-920-5069.

Isampuli ye
iiklasi eziphuculweyo

San Jose: ComedySportz San Jose, http://comedysportzsanjose.com
ESan Francisco: IBay Area Theatre Sports (BATS), www.improv.org ; Ithiyetha yeConservatory yaseMelika, www.act-sf.org
USingasiqithi: UPhuculo lukaMelanie Chartoff oluCharizmatizing, www.peninsulaimprov.com
Berkeley: Ummeli waseBerkeley, www.berkeleyrep.org
Oakland: iPan Theatre, www.pantheatre.com
Alameda: ImiSebenzi yeNkcubeko yeRhythmix, www.rhythmix.org
USanta Cruz: Iziko lolonwabo, www.funinstitute.org




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