Abasebenzi abaninzi balangazelela umhlala-phantsi- amatheko okuvalelisa, ibala legalufa, mhlawumbi newotshi yegolide. Kodwa iYunivesithi yaseStanford inengxaki eyahlukileyo: Akukho mntu ufuna ukuhamba.



Ngethemba lokudala indawo eyongezelelekileyo yabafundi abancinci, iStanford iye yahlaziya inkqubo yayo yesisa ye-Retirement Incentive Programme - okwesihlandlo sesibini kwishumi leminyaka - ukunyanzela abantu abadala ukuya emnyango.

IFaculty yethu ephezulu iyamangalisa. Ndiyabathanda bonke, u-Provost uJohn Etchemendy uthe kwintlanganiso yakutshanje ye-Senate yezeMfundo, epapasha isicwangciso. Kodwa sifumana abantu abambalwa kwifakhalthi, kwaye kungenxa yokuba abantu bahlala ixesha elide, utshilo. I-faculty iyaguga.





Baqeshwe ngamanani amakhulu ngexesha le-1960 kunye ne-70s ye-boom yemfundo ephakamileyo, i-Sputnik kunye neeprofesa zexesha lamalungelo oluntu ngoku zimele uninzi lwe-faculty yase-Stanford. Ngowama-2008, owona nyaka wakutshanje ekufumaneni iinkcukacha ngawo, malunga nama-53 ekhulwini bebeneminyaka engama-50 ubudala, besuka kuma-43 ekhulwini ngowe-1993.

Kwaye njengesihlalo kwiNkundla ePhakamileyo kunye ne-ofisi kapopu, ukuhlala eyunivesithi kubomi bonke. Ngabona bafundi baqaqambileyo, iilayibrari ezigqwesileyo kunye neelebhu, kunye nemithwalo yokufundisa ekhaphukhaphu kunezikolo ezininzi zikarhulumente, oonjingalwazi kwiiyunivesithi zophando oluphezulu abanasizathu sincinci sokuthatha umhlalaphantsi.



Ndiyayithanda iStanford. Ukutyhubela iminyaka, iye yabangcono kwaye ingcono, utshilo unjingalwazi wesiNgesi waseStanford uJohn Felstiner, 74, oqubhayo, onyukayo kunye nokugqiba incwadi entsha, Ngaba Imibongo Ungawusindisa Umhlaba? Ilungile njengoko ifumana.

Kwikona yeofisi ethandekayo ebekwe eluphahleni eneencwadi ezinendlebe yenja - imibongo, uncwadi lwaseBritane, iinguqulelo kunye nezifundo zamaJuda - uFelstiner ujika abe nomsindo xa ecinga ngokumka kwakhe.



Ndiyalithanda isebe lam. Ndiyathanda ukuba phakathi kwabantu endibathandayo kwaye kudala ndibazi. Ndiyabathanda abafundi, kunye namanqaku abantu abeza apha, watsho uFelstiner, owafika ekhampasini ngowe-1965, xa uLyndon Johnson wayengumongameli. Kuvakala kumnandi ukudityaniswa. Kuhle ukuba neletahead.

Ngomzuzu uthatha umhlala phantsi, kuba ngathi awubonakali.



Ngo-1994, ngenxa yeenguqu kumthetho womanyano, iiyunivesithi zanyanzelwa ukuba ziphelise umhlala-phantsi osisinyanzelo. Banokusebenzisa kuphela inkuthazo ethile esekelwe kwiminyaka yobudala, njengomsebenzi wesingxungxo ukuze bafumane umvuzo osisigxina.

Okwangoku, impilo iye yaphucuka kwaye ubomi buye banda. Kwaye i-academia - ubomi bengqondo - izinzileyo ngendlela engasebenzi ngayo.



Akunjalo ukusebenza kwifektri kumgca wendibano, apho, kwinqanaba elithile, uyavuya ukuphuma emsebenzini, u-Etchemendy uthe. Iiyunivesithi zibonelela ngesiqinisekiso esisodwa somsebenzi wobomi bonke.

IStanford ayiyodwa kwingxaki yayo.

EHarvard, unjingalwazi wefiziksi oneminyaka engama-84 ubudala uRoy Glauber ubalisa abafundi ngamabali okuphuhlisa ibhombu yeathom kwiMfazwe yesibini yeHlabathi. I-California Institute of Technology's Nobel Laureate Rudolph A. Marcus, i-86, yakha intsebenziswano kunye nabaphandi baseSingapore.

Isebe lezibalo ze-MIT libika ukuba i-27 ipesenti ye-faculty yayo idala kune-70. I-Mildred Dresselhaus yesikolo, uprofesa wobunjineli bombane kunye ne-physics, igalelo kwintsimi ye-carbon-based nanotechnology - kwiminyaka eyi-79.

I-gerontocracy ekhulayo ivuselela iingxoxo ezinamandla.

Uninzi lwethu lucinga nge-60 njenge-40 entsha, iqhula unjingalwazi we-geophysics waseStanford uMark Zoback, 62, ingcali kwiSan Andreas Fault.

Unjingalwazi wezomthetho uHank Greely, oneminyaka engama-58, owaziwa kuzwelonke ngomsebenzi wakhe kwimiba yezomthetho, yeenqobo ezisesikweni kunye nentlalontle yetekhnoloji yebhayoloji, uvumile: Iminyaka yobudala belizwe lonke laseMelika itshintshile. Ilizwe lonke likhulile.

Kodwa owayesakuba ngumongameli waseHarvard, uLawrence H. Summers, waxelela iBoston Globe ukuba ukwaluphala kwabefundisi yenye yeengxaki ezinkulu ejamelene nazo iyunivesithi yophando yaseMerika.

Iyaphikisana nenkolelo yokuba eyona ndlela ilungileyo yokuqhubela phambili ingcinga yokuyila, ukufundisa abancinci, okanye ukukhetha isizukulwana esilandelayo samalungu e-faculty kukuba ne-tenured faculty enabantu abangaphezu kwama-70 kunangaphantsi kwama-40, u-Summers uxelele iGlobe.

Amazwe amaninzi kumazwe asakhasayo aye akhula ngokukhawuleza kwimfundo ephakamileyo nto leyo eye yafuna ukuba aqeshe inani elikhulu loonjingalwazi abaselula. Ngokomzekelo, e-China, i-30 yeepesenti ye-faculty ikwi-20s kunye ne-30s, ngelixa i-3 ekhulwini kuphela ikhulile kuneminyaka engama-60. I-Indiya igunyazisa ukuthatha umhlala-phantsi kwiminyaka engama-60.

Ukuba abaphengululi abaninzi abadala banqanda ukuqhubela phambili kwesizukulwana esincinci, abafundi abaqaqambileyo abanakungena kwi-academia, i-Etchemendy ixhala.

Sicutha ngokwenene ukuya kutsho kumyinge wabantu abatsha - izazinzulu zelizwe elitsha, oosoqoqosho abatsha, okanye iinjineli ezintsha zasekuhlaleni nezendalo, utshilo. Impilo yeshishini lophando lwelizwe ixhomekeke ngokwenene ekufumaneni abantu abatsha ukuba bakhethe iziko lemfundo njengomsebenzi.

UStanford uzame iindlela ezahlukeneyo zokukhuthaza ukuhamba.

Ngo-1984, xa ubudala obunyanzelekileyo bokuthatha umhlala-phantsi bunyanzelwa ukuba bube neminyaka engama-70 ubudala, uStanford wenza iNkqubo yokuThatha umhlalaphantsi kwangethuba. Emva koko, ngo-1994, xa umhlala-phantsi onyanzelekileyo wawuthintelwe, wadala iNkqubo yeNkuthazo yoMhlalaphantsi weFaculty.

IFakhalthi esele isidla umhlala-phantsi inokugcina ikhampasi yabo isekhaya, ubulungu beKlabhu yeFakhalthi kunye neendawo zokupaka zasimahla zekhampasi. Ezinye izibonelelo ziquka inkqubo yeSibonelelo soFundo sabantwana, i-0 ebhekisele kwiindleko zocwangciso lwezemali nokusetyenziswa kwamathala eencwadi, iindawo zokuzilolonga kunye neZiko elikhazimlayo laseAvery Aquatic. Bafanelekile ukuba basebenze njengabaphandi abaziintloko kuphando. Bangazibandakanya noluntu oludlamkileyo lwe-emeritus faculty, oluxhaswa yiyunivesithi ngemali.

Kodwa kwanaloo mihendo ayizange yanele. Ngoko iNkqubo yeNkuthazo yahlaziywa ngo-2004, yaze yahlaziywa kwakhona ngoSeptemba ophelileyo.

Ixabisa i-Stanford yezigidi ezisisi-7 zeedola ukuya kwi-10 lezigidi zeedola ngonyaka, ngoku ibonelela ngokuthatha umhlala-phantsi ngezigaba, kunye nenkuthazo enxulumene nobudala. I-Faculty ephakathi kweminyaka engama-63 kunye ne-68 inokuthatha inxaxheba kwiprogram yokukhumbula iminyaka emibini, xa besebenza ixesha elithile kodwa befumana umvuzo opheleleyo. Emva koko banikwa isixa esilingana nomvuzo wabo opheleleyo ukuze bathi ndlela ntle. Ukususela oko kwanikelwa inkuthazo, malunga nama-20 ekhulwini oonjingalwazi abafanelekayo baye balisebenzisa eli thuba.

Ngokuthandabuza, uFelstiner ekugqibeleni wagqiba ekubeni athathe uStanford anyuse. Uthathe umhlala-phantsi ngoMatshi aze ahambe ekupheleni kuka-Agasti - emva kokuba efumene ikhaya lengqokelela yakhe enkulu yoncwadi - ukukhuthaza incwadi yakhe entsha kwizikolo eziphakamileyo.

Kuya kundikhathaza ukuphulukana neofisi yam, utshilo, kodwa iyafuneka.

Qhagamshelana noLisa M. Krieger kwi-408-920-5565.

BAMBALWA oonjingalwazi abasebatsha

Ipesenti ye-faculty yaseStanford engaphantsi kwe-45 inqabile.




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