UHaruki Murakami, oyena mbhali udumileyo waseJapan, uchithe amashumi amathathu eminyaka eyila abalinganiswa ababodwa abangenazo iimvakalelo okanye unxibelelwano olunentsingiselo kuluntu, nabafumana ubomi bokwenyani kuphela emva kokungena kwiindawo ezimangalisayo.



Nge-1Q84 yakhe - esele ingumthengisi ogqwesileyo eJapan kwaye ekhoyo ngoLwesibini kweli lizwe - uMurakami wenze umsebenzi wakhe wobugcisa wokwenyani, ofikelela kubalandeli ngelixa esanelisa abagxeki abacele ukusetyenziswa kobuqhetseba kwesimboli kunye nokubhalwa kwehlabathi. umsebenzi wakhe.

I-1Q84 yitomu yamabhongo ephantse ibe yi-1,000 yamaphepha, ixinene kakhulu kwaye ixinene kumfundi oqhelekileyo kwaye ayifane ibe nomtsalane kwabo bangayaziyo intsomi yombhali yangaphambili. Ivulwa ngo-Epreli ka-1984, kunye no-Aomame, umlinganiswa obhinqileyo ophambili, ephuma kwiteksi eyayingakwazi ukuhamba ngenxa yokuxinana kweemoto. Emva kwexesha lentlanganiso, lo mbulali uselula uye wafunda ukuba unokukhwela izinyuko ezikufutshane ukuya kwisikhululo sikaloliwe esingaphantsi komhlaba, nangona umqhubi wakhe emlumkisa ukuba ukuya apho kunokutshintsha indlela azibona ngayo izinto. Izinto azikho ngale ndlela zibonakala ngayo, utshilo.





Ngaphantsi kwezinyuko, i-Aomame (i-Japanese ye-peas eluhlaza) ifumana ihlabathi elitshintshileyo - kungekhona uhlobo lommandla wefantastic, ogcwele isimboli sezilwanyana kunye nomlingo, apho abalandeli bakaMurakami baye baqhelana, kodwa enye apho ukungafani kokuqala. iqondakala ngokulula nangona ibalulekile. U-Aomame ubiza indawo ethi 1Q84 (ngesiJapani, i-Q yi-homonym ye-9, ngokwemithombo yeWebhu).

Kwisahluko esilandelayo, sidibana noTengo, umlinganiswa oyindoda, utitshala wezibalo wexeshana kunye nombhali wentsomi othi, njengo-Aomame, unikwe ukhetho olumkhokelela kwindalo efanayo efanayo ayingenileyo. Ukhetho lwakhe, nangona kunjalo, ayilondawo kodwa lolokuziphatha: Uyacelwa ukuba abhale ngokufihlakeleyo ingcamango yentombazana ekwishumi elivisayo, kodwa yenziwe kakubi, inovella yokhuphiswano loncwadi. Umfazi omncinci ongaqhelekanga, u-dyslexic, uFuka-Eri, ujika ube likhonkco elidibanisayo kwibali lomlinganiswa ngamnye: inkolo yenkolo ebonakala ikhona kuphela kummandla u-Aomame noTengo baye bangena, bafihliwe emva kweendonga ezinkulu.



Njengoko iintsomi zabo zikhula ngokusebenzisa izahluko ezimfutshane ezihambelanayo, aba balinganiswa babini - ababenobuhlobo obufutshane kodwa obukhumbulekayo njengabantwana - badibana nehlelo ngeendlela zabo: I-Tengo ngebali lentombazana, elithetha ngabantu abancinci abanamandla omlingo; kunye no-Aomame ngomsebenzi wakhe wokuba ngumbulali wedoja efuna ukukhusela amaxhoba obundlobongela basekhaya.

Nangona isihloko sencwadi sicebisa ubudlelwane kunye noGeorge Orwell's 1984, iqumrhu le-dystopian apha alikho urhulumente kodwa inkolo yenkolo - isifundo apho u-Murakami ubonise umdla omkhulu ukususela kwi-1995 i-Sarin yokuhlaselwa kwegesi ye-Aum Shinrikyo kwi-subway yaseTokyo. Yayingumxholo womsebenzi wakhe ongeyonyani phantsi komhlaba.



U-Murakami ubhekisela kumsebenzi ka-Orwell kwingxoxo phakathi kukaTengo kunye nomgcini kaFuka-Eri, uNjingalwazi Ebisuno, othi: UGeorge Orwell wazisa uzwilakhe uMzalwana Omkhulu kwinoveli yakhe '1984,' njengoko ndiqinisekile ukuba uyazi. Le ncwadi yayiyimpatho yokomfuziselo ye-Stalinism, kunjalo. Kwaye ukusukela ngoko, igama elithi 'UMzalwana Omkhulu' lisebenze njengomfanekiso wentlalo. … Kodwa ngoku, kunyaka wokwenyani ka-1984, uBhuti omkhulu udume kakhulu kwaye kucace gca. … Endaweni yoko, aba bantu babizwa ngokuba ngabantu abaNcinci beze kwindawo. Ulwahlulo lwamagama olunomdla, awucingi?

Nangona kunjalo, i-1Q84 ayisiyonto yokuphindaphinda ibali lika-Orwell. Endaweni yoko, yingxelo kuluntu lwanamhlanje, ukuthintela uninzi lwesimboli esicacileyo semisebenzi yangaphambili kaMurakami. Ngelixa imifanekiso yezilwanyana yayixhaphakile kwi-Wild Sheep Chase (2002 e-U.S.), ilinganiselwe apha kwibali elifutshane malunga neekati kunye namanye ama-sides. Nangona owona msebenzi ugqwesileyo kaMurakami wangaphambili, iThe Wind-Up Bird Chronicle (1998), yayizele zizizeko zembali kwizahluko ezomileyo ezingongquzulwano lwaseManchuria, le ncwadi igqabhukile imfutshane, njengesifundo se-anthropological kaChekhov ngenkcubeko yemveli, edla kancinci. ngaphezu kwamaphepha amabini. Kwaye ngelixa abanye abafundi befumene isiphelo se-Kafka ku-Shore (2006) ngokukhawuleza kwaye ngaphandle komlingiswa kunye nebali lonke, i-1Q84 isonga ngendlela ehambelanayo.



Kule ncwadi, u-Murakami wenza lula izinto zakhe zobugcisa eziqhelekileyo, esishiya ngamabali afundekayo adibeneyo ahamba ngendlela efanayo, eyonwabisayo. Kubafundi abazimisele ukungena kumdyarho woncwadi kaMurakami, isiphumo siya kuba sisikhunjulwe.

Qhagamshelana noJeremy C. Owens kwi-408-920-5876.



Iguqulelwe nguJay Rubin kunye noPhilip Gabriel
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