Kwakusele kurhatyele xa uHenry Sweets wandizisa eHannibal’s Old Baptist Cemetery, ingcwaba lamandulo laseNtshona eMissouri.



Akukho nyanga. Ukhula oludlakadlaka, amatye amangcwaba awohlokayo. Sazama ukunyathela kancinci, kodwa kwakunetha, yaye udaka lwasibamba ezihlangwini zethu. Emazantsi enduli, uMississippi washukuma. Kwafuneka ndincume, kuba ndandilapho, amashumi amathathu eminyaka ndisusiwe kwibanga le-11, ndisahamba ndihamba noncwadi lwaseMelika.

Oku, njengoko iiSweets zachazayo, yayingamangcwaba uMark Twain awakhumbulayo xa wayecinga ukubulawa kukaDoc Robinson ezinzulwini zobusuku kwi-Adventures kaTom Sawyer-abaphawuli bamangcwaba bangqiyame ngayo yonke indlela, uTom noHuck bazimele emva komthi kunye nenkohliso u-Injun Joe engcwaba imela. esifubeni sexhoba lakhe.





Ngelixa ndandihlola indawo yesiganeko ukuze ndifumane iimpawu zikaMuff Potter, iilekese, umgcini weMark Twain Boyhood Home & Museum, ucaphule uTom Sawyer ngenkumbulo waza wabalisa ngamaTwainiac amaninzi awamkelwayo evela eOstreliya, eNgilani, eJamani naseJapan; abo balilayo; kunye nalowo ubethe ngokunyanisekileyo umnwe kwi-Mississippi, njengomceli kwifonti yamanzi angcwele. Njengoko uSweets wayethetha, umoya wavuthuza imisikamore waza uloliwe walila mgama.

Ngamaxesha afana nala agcina uHannibal ekwishishini. Kwaye kufuneka kubekho amashishini amaninzi kulo nyaka: Yiminyaka elikhulu yokusweleka kukaMark Twain, kwaye inguqulelo entsha ebanzi yembali yakhe (ibambezeleke inkulungwane, ngokwemiyalelo yombhali) iza kupapashwa ngoNovemba. Ngokukodwa kwiinyanga ezintathu ezizayo, njengoko ukhenketho luphezulu, uHannibal uya kuthetha ngaphezu kwesiqhelo ngonyana wakhe amthandayo.



Bekungayi kubakho Huckleberry Finn. Bekungayi kubakho uTom Sawyer. Akukho nanye kwezi ngekhe yenzeke ukuba ebengahlali apha, utshilo uCindy Lovell, umlawuli wekhaya laseTwain kunye nemyuziyam.

Iingcambu zikaHannibal



USamuel Langhorne Clemens wazalwa malunga neekhilomitha ezingama-40 kumzantsi-ntshona eFlorida, eMo.; wayenentloko ebomvu eneminyaka emi-4 ubudala xa usapho lwakhe lwafika eHannibal, ngaphaya komlambo usuka e-Illinois.

Kwakungowe-1839. Kwiminyaka eli-13 eyalandelayo, njengoko abemi bale dolophu babesanda besuka kwabamalunga nama-700 ukusa kufutshane nama-4 000, wayezula-zula ezitratweni, ezindulini, emilanjeni nasemiqolombeni. Xa wayeneminyaka eyi-11, washiya isikolo, wafunda urhwebo lokushicilela, waya kuba ngumqhubi wenqanawa, wabhala amaphephandaba aseNtshonalanga, waqulunqa igama lokubhala uMark Twain, waphosa iinkumbulo zakhe zikaHannibal kwiAdventures kaTom Sawyer (1876) kunye neAdventures yeHuckleberry. Finn (1884) kwaye wapapasha ngaphezu kweshumi elinesibini ezinye iincwadi, uninzi lweencwadi ezizintsomi nezikhumbuzayo. Endleleni, waba sisityebi, wajikeleza ihlabathi, wafumana iimemori zika-Ulysses S. Grant ezipapashiweyo, wamkela isixhobo esitsha esaziwa ngokuba ngumtshini wokuchwetheza, wabhengeza ukuba ubhetyebhetye, waphinda waba sisityebi ngokhenketho lweentetho kwaye akazange abuyele eMissouri.



Kodwa uye watyelela izihlandlo ezimbalwa eHannibal, awayibiza ngokuba yidolophu emhlophe ezele lilanga ngentsasa yehlobo, waza wahlala ngaphezu kwexesha elinye kwindlu enkulu yaseGarth engaphandle kwedolophu.

Yonke le minyaka kamva, uHannibal (owathi uTwain wabiza iSt. Petersburg eTom Sawyer noHuck Finn) uhambelana noJohn Steinbeck's Salinas; UWilliam Faulkner kaOxford, uNkosazana.; kunye noEmily Dickinson's Amherst, Mass., Kwiatlasi yoncwadi lwaseMelika. Kodwa i-kitschier kunye ne-friendly-friendly, idolophu encinci yabemi abamalunga ne-17,500 yempumelelo ephakathi malunga neekhilomitha ezili-100 kumntla-ntshona weSt.



Ikhaya lamakhwenkwe lisembindini wedolophu, ecaleni kweevenkile zezipho, iindawo zokutyela kunye neevenkile ezimbalwa ezingenanto. Ingca enengca iyenyuka ukukhusela indawo yoshishino kwiimpuphuma.

Ubhala igama lakhe

Phakathi kwabathengi kwi-Mark Twain Ice kunye neCoal indlu yekofu e-Broadway kunye nezitrato eziPhambili, umgcini we-waitress kunye nokukhanyisa okukhulu uSydney Pickern wandixelela ukuba into enkulu ngoMark Twain kukuba wayengumguquli.

Wathetha ezona zinto zinzima ukuzithetha, ngexesha apho kwakungadumanga ukuzithetha, utshilo uPickern. Xa unokwenza oko ngokwenene kwaye ungoyiki iziphumo, oko kuthatha ubuqhetseba obuninzi.

Uphazamisekile ngelixa elungisa igadi yakhe, umgcini wendlu yabahambi uJulie Rolsen wabiza umbhali ngokuba ngumfo omdala, ndiyacinga. Andazi ukuba ndingamthanda na.

Ngomatshini we-gumball kwi-Rags to Riches pawnshop kwi-Centre Street, umkhangeli zincwadi u-Heidi Mark wanikela isicatshulwa sakhe esithandwayo sikaTwain: Ukuba uthetha inyaniso, akufuneki ukhumbule nantoni na.

Naphi na apho ujikeleza khona, igama lakhe alikho kude. Umqolomba weMark Twain, umtsalane wosapho odumileyo, ulele kumgama oziikhilomitha emazantsi edolophu eMissouri Highway 79. Kwidokhi, iMark Twain Mississippi Riverboat inikezela ngeenqanawa ezine mihla le kwiinyanga zasehlotyeni. Phantsi kwemagi enkulu ejikelezayo eneqabaka kwizitalato ze-3 kunye ne-Hill, i-Mark Twain Dinette kunye ne-Family Restaurant ngokuzingca ibeka ingcambu yebhiya yayo.

Naxa iHal Holbrook ingadlulanga edolophini, njengoko esenza ngamaxesha athile, kukho ubuncinane abadlali ababini apha abaye bakhe imisebenzi yokudlala iTwain: uJim Waddell kwiCave Hollow Theatre kunye noRichard Garey kwiPlanters Barn Theatre.

Rhoqo ngonyaka, abafundi bebanga lesixhenxe bedolophu bafunda uTom Sawyer, tyelela ikhaya lamakhwenkwe, imiqolomba kunye namangcwaba kwaye bakhuphisane ngethuba lokubonisa uTom Sawyer kunye noBecky Thatcher njengoonozakuzaku beCandelo lezoRhwebo.

Uhlala eTwain

I-Twaining yaseHannibal yaqala xa umbhali esaphila kwaye ehlala kuNxweme oluseMpuma. Kwakungowe-1906, utshilo uSweets, xa ihotele yaseMark Twain (ngoku iyindawo yokuhlala abantu abadala) yavula kufutshane nomda womlambo.

Kuthe ke kunyaka emva kokusweleka kombhali, xa umntu ebeza kudiliza ikhaya lakhe elinemigangatho emibini elenziwe ngamaplanga e-208 Hill St., igqwetha lendawo lawuthenga lo mhlaba lawunikezela esixekweni. Le ndlu yangasese yakhula ngokuthe ngcembe yaba yiMark Twain Boyhood Home & Museum complex, i-medley yesakhiwo esisibhozo sokwakhiwa kwakhona, ukugcinwa, imbali, i-biography kunye neengcamango ezitsala malunga nama-60,000 iindwendwe ngonyaka.

Nangona uninzi lweshishini lezokhenketho likaHannibal's Twain likhetha ukuhlala kubalinganiswa abathandekayo bakaTom Sawyer (apho ubukhoboka bukhankanywa ngokunqabileyo), iinkokeli zekhaya lamakhwenkwe kunye nemyuziyam zasombululwa ngo-2003 ukuba, ngamazwi kaSweets, zibalise ibali elipheleleyo. amava awaba nawo uSam Clemens eHannibal. Ngamanye amazwi, bagxininisa ngakumbi kwiinyani zembali kwaye ngaphantsi kwabalinganiswa bentsomi.

Namhlanje xa ungena, sithetha ngobukhoboka ngaphambili, utshilo uSweets. Ikhaya kunye nemyuziyam inabasebenzi bexesha elizeleyo abahlanu kuphela kwaye abafumani mali yokusebenza kwilizwe laseMissouri, ngoko ke utshintsho luza ngokunyuswa okuncinci njengoko ukunyusa imali kuvumela.

Iindwendwe zihlala ziqala ngeziko lokutolika elibeka uTwain noHannibal kumxholo, emva koko baye phambili kwikhaya lombhali elakhiwe ngokutsha: amabali amabini, inkuni yonke, hayi enkulu. Isenazo ezinye iiplanga zomgangatho wokuqala ukusuka ngo-1843 okanye ngo-1844. Yonke le nto ibonakala incinane kum, uTwain wabhala emva kokutyelela kwakhe ngowe-1902.

Kwakude kudala, abantu Twain wabeka up wasibiyela ngothango ibhodi for kwakhona kwimithetho-edume Tom iSawyer Hall scene akalikiweyo. Ngoku kutshanje, bongeze iHuckleberry Finn House (eyenzelwe ukubonisa iimeko ezincinci zokuhlala zikaTom Blankenship, umhlobo kaClemens wobukhwenkwe owaphefumlela umlingiswa kaHuck). Nje ukuba i-$ 500,000 iqokelelwe kumsebenzi wangaphakathi, i-Becky Thatcher House eyakhiwe ngokutsha iya kuvula, kunye nemiboniso echaza ubuntwana baseMelika kwi-1840s kunye nokuphefumlelwa komlingiswa ka-Becky, isithandwa sikaClemens, uLaura Hawkins.

Uchukunyiswe kukufa

Indawo yokugqibela yokumisa kwisekethe yasekhaya kunye neyemyuziyam sisakhiwo segalari yemyuziyam yaseTwain, ivenkile yangaphambili yesebe equka imizobo ye-15 kaNorman Rockwell, enye yeebhatyi zesuti ezimhlophe zikaTwain kunye nemaski yokufa yonyana kaTwain, uLangdon, owafa. idiphtheria kwiinyanga ezili-19.

Ewe, imaski yokufa iyamangalisa. Kodwa kanye njengokuba ungenakumchasa uHuckleberry Finn njengebali lamakhwenkwe, akunakukwazi ukugubungela ubomi bukaTwain ngaphandle kokuphawula ukuzingisela kokufa: Uyise wafa xa wayeneminyaka eli-11 ubudala. 24 Umfazi wakhe, u-Olivia, owayeneminyaka eli-10 ubudala, wafa ngaphambi kokuba afe, njengoko benzayo abathathu kwabane babo abantwana.

Utyelelo lwakhe lokugqibela eHannibal lwalusekupheleni kwentwasahlobo ka-1902, xa uTwain wayeneminyaka engama-66 kwaye umfazi wakhe wayegula kakhulu ukuba angahamba. Weza ngololiwe, wanikela iidiploma kuthweso-zidanga lweSikolo samaBanga aPhakamileyo saseHannibal, wathetha kwiklasi yesikolo seCawa, wabona abahlobo bakhe basebuntwaneni okwesihlandlo sokuqala emva kweminyaka, wathabatha ifoto phambi kwekhaya lakhe lobuntwana waza watyelela amangcwaba abazali bakhe. Kwaye watyelela uHelen Garth, ondlu yakhe enkulu isamile, ejikelezwe ngamadlelo athambekileyo, ngaphandle kwedolophu.

Ngoku yiGarth Woodside Mansion Bed & Breakfast. Isakhiwo isimanga seVictorian enemigangatho emithathu, ifanelekile kwimitshato kunye neeseances, kunye ne-swooping staircase, iifoto ezininzi zeTwain ezindala phakathi kweVictoriana ezindongeni, kunye neperi ye-llamas eyadini.

Ukuba ubhukisha igumbi lendlu kaSamuel Clemens, ungalala kwigumbi eliphezulu lokulala apho umbhali anokuthi alale ixesha okanye ezimbini kwaye avuke ajonge ngaphezulu okanye ngaphantsi kwe-bucolic efanayo. Ndenjenjalo. Oku kwenza umzuzu olungileyo weTwain, owonwabisayo kunemaski yokufa, icocekile kunengcwaba, yahluke ngakumbi kunocingo olupeyintwayo ngonaphakade. Ngapha koko, umgcini wendlu yabahambi uJulie Rolsen undixelele, ezinye iindwendwe eziphambukayo zaseTwain zithi kubonakala ngathi kuhlambela ukusebenzisa ilaptop phezulu. URolsen akavumanga.

Ndibheja naye ngewayeyenze into efanayo, watsho. Ukuba wayenelaptop, ndibheja ukuba ebeyitsalela kula veranda yomgangatho wesibini.

UKUBA UYA

APHO IKHOYO: UHannibal uhlala malunga neekhilomitha ezili-100 kumntla-ntshona weSt. Louis, ecaleni koMlambo iMississippi.
INDAWO YOKUHLALA: Ibhedi enkulu yaseGarth Woodside kunye nesidlo sakusasa 11069 New London Road, Hannibal; 888-427-8409, www.garthmansion.com . Indlu enemigangatho emithathu i-1874 ihleli kumda wedolophu kwaye inamagumbi okulala asibhozo, iillama ezimbini eyadini kunye neendawo ezithe saa. Kwakhona kwisayithi, indawo yokutyela yaseWoodside inika isidlo sakusasa kunye nesidlo sakusihlwa. Amaxabiso aqhele ukuba yi-5-5 ngobusuku, izaphulelo ziyafumaneka ngamanye amaxesha. Ukufumana i-$ 20 eyongezelelweyo isibini, isidlo sakusasa kunye nesidlo sangokuhlwa zibandakanyiwe. Eyona Ntshona kuMlambo 401 N. 3rd St., Hannibal; 800-937-8376, www.bestwestern.com . It isnt really on the river thats a few blocks away and its look are drab, kodwa le hotele ikulungele ukuya edolophini Hannibal, kunye namagumbi ayo 77 zalungiswa ngo 2009. pool Indoor. Amaxabiso aqhele ukuba yi--0 ngobusuku.
INDAWO YOKUTYA: Mark Twain Ice & Coal 201 Broadway, Hannibal; 573-221-3332. Indawo efanelekileyo yekofu, iipastries, iisandwich okanye ujonge umzobo kaHarold Pickerns wemoto yaseMelika ebithwe yimozulu kwiindawo ezivulekileyo zaseMelika. Imenyu iphezulu ngeesandwich malunga ne-5.50 yeedola. Mark Twain Dinette & Family Restaurant 400 N. 3rd St., Hannibal; 573-221-5511. I-Twain-ekufuphi ne-retreat elula yeentsapho ezinabantwana. Inyama yehagu, imisesane yetswele kunye nengcambu yebhiya eyenziwe ekhaya yinto ekhethekileyo. izitya Main ukuya ku ,25.
ULWAZI ONGAPHEZULU: iMark Twain Boyhood Home & Museum www.marktwainmuseum.org . Indawo yoRhwebo yeHannibal www.hannibalchamber.org . Missouri Division of Tourism http://visitmo.com .




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