UBill Lane, owakha imagazini ye-Sunset kwi-icon yokuphila kwaseNtshona, wanceda ekufumaneni idolophu yasePortola Valley kwaye wanikela ngezigidi kwiYunivesithi yaseStanford kunye nezizathu zokusingqongileyo ukusuka ekugcinweni kwendawo evulekileyo ekubuyiselweni kweYosemite National Park, ufile.



Ekunye namalungu osapho ecaleni kwakhe, uLane wasweleka ngenxa yokungaphefumli kakuhle nge-7:30 ebusuku. NgoMgqibelo kwisibhedlele saseStanford. Wayeneminyaka engama-90.

U-Lane kunye nomntakwabo, uMel, owasweleka ngo-2007, babeqhuba iLane Publishing ukusuka ekupheleni kweminyaka yoo-1950 ukuya kutsho ngo-1990. UMel Lane wayejongene neencwadi ze-Sunset, ngelixa umntakwabo wayengumpapashi wemagazini i-Sunset. Ukusuka kwikomkhulu labo leMenlo Park, abazalwana bajika utyalo-mali lukayise uLaurence luka-1928 lwe-65,000 yeedola baba yenye yeenkampani eziphambili zelizwe zopapasho.





Wabona into engakholelekiyo enokwenzeka eNtshona. Yayiyindawo yokwenza. Yiloo nto i-Sunset imele yona - yakha indlu yakho, yenza ukutya kwakho, uhambe ngendlela, intombi kaBill Lane, uSharon Lane waseNevada City, uthe ngoMvulo. Wazibona yena kunye neli phephancwadi njengonozakuzaku waseNtshona.

Xa abazalwana bathengisa inkampani yabo ngowe-1990 kuTime Warner ngezigidi ezingama-225 zeerandi, basebenzisa loo mali ukuze babe ngawona magcisa abalulekileyo olondolozo lwendalo eNtshona. Baye baxhasa izizathu ezininzi ezibanzi, ukusuka ekwakhiweni kwakhona kwe-amphitheatre yangaphandle kunye nezinye izibonelelo kwi-Yosemite's Glacier Point ukubonelela ngezigidi kwi-Peninsula Open Space Trust ePalo Alto.



Umfundi ophumelele ngo-1942 waseStanford, uBill Lane wanikela nge-5 yezigidi zeedola ukunikezela ngeBill Lane Centre ye-American West apho ngo-2005.

Usomashishini, iphilanthropist, idiplomat, isifundiswa sikaLincoln kunye nomkhweli wehashe ongathintelekiyo ukuya ekugqibeleni, uBill Lane uye watyebisa ubomi obungenakubalwa ngesisa sakhe sokudala ngokumangalisayo, utshilo umbhali-mbali waseStanford uDavid Kennedy, umalathisi weli ziko.



IiLanes zombini yayingamaRiphabhlikhi kumzekelo wolondolozo weTeddy Roosevelt. UMel Lane wayengusihlalo wokuqala weKomishoni yoNxweme lwaseCalifornia kwaye uBill Lane wasebenzisa iphephancwadi i-Sunset ukukhuthaza ukukhuselwa kwelifa lendalo laseNtshona. Kwiminyaka emithathu ngaphambi kokuba ulawulo lwe-Nixon luvalwe i-pesticide i-DDT ngo-1972, umzekelo, uBill Lane wavala zonke iintengiso zeDDT kwi-Sunset kwaye wabongoza abafundi ukuba bangayisebenzisi kwiigadi zabo. Ibize izigidi zeSunset kwintengiso. Umenzi wezibulali zinambuzane u-Ortho waqala uthotho lweencwadi ukukhuphisana nokutshona kwelanga.

Akukho magazini elizweni, nkqu iNational Geographic, eyenze into eninzi endingayibiza ngokuba kukuthatha inxaxheba kokusingqongileyo, utshilo uLane kudliwanondlebe luka-1990 lweMercury News. Ayilohlobo lomngcipheko abakufundisayo kwisikolo seshishini, kodwa ibisoloko ilishishini eliyingozi kakhulu ukwala iindidi eziphambili zentengiso.



ULaurence William Bill Lane Jr. wazalwa ngoNovemba 7, 1919 eDes Moines, e-Iowa, unyana wokuqala kaLaurence William Lane Sr. kunye noRuth Bell wangaphambili. Uyise wayengumthengisi wentengiso yeKhaya eliNgcono kunye neeGadi kunye nemagazini yeProgressive Farmer kwiminyaka yoo-1920 xa uhambo lwakhe lwamqinisekisa ukuba iNtshona idinga iphephancwadi eligxile kwikhaya, igadi, ukutya kunye nokuhamba.

Ngowe-1928, uLaurence Lane waqokelela imali yokuthenga iphephancwadi elibhalwe kumzila kaloliwe wakuMazantsi ePasifiki i Sunset, yaye intsapho yafudukela eKhalifoniya, ekugqibeleni yahlala ePalo Alto.



Intsapho yaqala ukutyelela uYosemite xa uBill Lane wayeneminyaka eyi-9, uhambo awathi lwatshintsha ubomi bakhe. Njengomntu okwishumi elivisayo kunye nomfundi wasekholejini ngeminyaka yoo-1930, uLane wayesebenza kwilizwe laseSierra ekwiqela labasebenzi ababesenza umsebenzi wokulandela umkhondo.

Ngexesha leMfazwe yeHlabathi yesiBini, uLane wayeligosa lemipu yeNavy kwinqanawa yomkhosi eyayithwele amajoni kwidabi lase-Iwo Jima kunye nezinye iintshukumo zethiyetha yasePasifiki, enyukela kwinqanaba lobulieutenant. Wayekwangumncedisi ka-Adm. Carlton Wright, umphathi weSithili se-12 seNaval. Umntakwabo naye wayesebenza kuMkhosi waManzi.

Njengabemi, abazalwana babuyela eSunset, besenza ulawulo olupheleleyo ngowe-1959. Bobabini babekhuthele kurhulumente. Ngo-1975-1976, uLane wayengunozakuzaku-mkhulu kwiPasifiki kunye nomkomishinala jikelele eJapan, kwaye ukususela ngo-1985 ukuya ku-1989, wayengunozakuzaku e-Australia naseNauru.

Uyathanda ukunxulumana nabantu kwaye uyabuthanda obo bomi, bunentlalontle. Uyakuthanda ukudibana nabantu abatsha, uMel Lane uthe kudliwanondlebe ngeminyaka yoo-1990 kunye neMercury News.

UBill Lane nomfazi wakhe, owayesakuba nguDonna Jean Gimbel, batshata ngoAprili 16, 1955, baza baba neentombi ezimbini, uSharon Lane noBrenda Munks, nonyana, uRobert Lane.

Xa i-sprawl ihamba ngaphesheya kweSan Mateo County, i-Lane yanceda ukukhokela iinzame zokubandakanya i-Portola Valley njengedolophu ngo-1964 ukukhusela i-charm yayo yasemaphandleni. Umhlali apho de kwaba sekupheleni kobomi bakhe, wonyulwa njengosodolophu wokuqala, wanikela ngemali kwiZiko leDolophu kwaye wanxiba njengeSanta ngeKrisimesi kwiziko lokuthenga eLadera.

Ilizwe elihloniphekileyo kunye nomgcini wepaki yelizwe, i-Lane nayo yasebenza kwiibhodi ze-California State Parks Foundation, i-Commonwealth Club, i-Pacific Gas & Electrical, i-National Parks Conservation Association, i-Yosemite Fund, i-Hoover Institution kunye ne-Oregon Coast Aquarium.

Ilifa lakhe ngokwenene lilifa loluntu, utshilo uAudrey Rust, umongameli wePeninsula Open Space Trust. Wayeyixabisa indalo kwaye wayeyonwabela indlela oziva ngayo kunye nenkululeko onayo xa ungaphandle. Wayefuna ukuba iindawo ezintle zaseNtshona zifumaneke kuye wonke umntu.

Qhagamshelana noPaul Rogers progers@mercurynews.com okanye 408-920-5045.

ULaurence William
UBill Lane Omnci.

Wazalelwa: Novemba 7, 1919, Des Moines, Iowa
Wafa: ngoJulayi 31, 2010, eStanford
Usinde ngu: Umfazi, uJean Lane, wasePortola Valley; iintombi uSharon Lane waseNevada City, kunye noBrenda Munks wasePortola Valley; unyana, uRobert Lane waseAtherton; abazukulwana abahlanu.
Iinkonzo: Zisalindile