UJohn Muir waziwa ngokubanzi ngeempumelelo zakhe eziphakamileyo zokusingqongileyo - njengomseki weSierra Club, utata wenkqubo yepaki yelizwe, kunye nentshatsheli yamahlathi e-redwood aseCalifornia kunye neYosemite Valley.



Kwakhona wajonga izinto ezincinci kwindalo - izityalo kunye neentyatyambo.

Indima kaMuir engahoywanga kakhulu ekuqokeleleni, ekufumaneni nasekubhaleni iikhathalogu zezityalo ifumana ingqwalasela entsha kumboniso wokufota ovulwe kule mpelaveki kwiGalari yaseBedford eWalnut Creek kwaye iya kuqhubeka kude kube nge-27 kaMatshi ngaphambi kokuya kukhenketho lwesizwe.





UMir, isazi ngendalo senkulungwane ye-18 nasekuqaleni kweye-19, umbhali kunye nomlondolozi wendalo, uchithe amashumi eminyaka eqokelela izityalo kuhambo lwakhe lokujikeleza ilizwe. Wayehlala ethumela iisampulu ezomisiweyo kunye namanqaku malunga nazo kubahlobo, amalungu osapho, amagcisa kunye neengcali zezityalo.

Umfoti we-Pleasant Hill uStephen Joseph kunye nombhali-mbali weYosemite Valley uBonnie Gisel bachithe iminyaka emihlanu belandela loo mizekelo evela kwiimyuziyam kunye namagumbi ogcino lwezenzululwazi kwaye basebenzise iikhamera zala maxesha kunye neekhompyuter ukubuyisela imifanekiso kuzuko lwabo lwangaphambili.



Isiphumo yingqokelela yeefoto ezinesibindi nezinkulu - ezinye ukuya kuthi ga kwiimitha ezisi-7 ubude - ezibonisa ngokweenkcukacha ezigqibeleleyo iinyibiba zasendle ezincinci, iiferns, amagqabi kunye neepinecones eziqokelelwe ngumhlali waseMartinez owaba ngoyena mntu udumileyo wendalo eMelika.

Izityalo ziqhube uJohn Muir. Izityalo zesona sizathu siphambili sokuba uJohn Muir aphume kwaye enze olu hambo ukuze abone indalo, kwaye yamkhuthaza ukuba ayikhusele, utshilo uJoseph, umfoti wendalo wendalo kunye nomfundisi-ntsapho ogxininise kwii-panoramic shots ezinkulu zeNtaba yeDiablo kumbindi weContra Costa County. Abantu bacinga ngo-Muir ngokukhusela i-Yosemite Valley kunye nokudala inkqubo yepaki yelizwe, kodwa bambalwa abamjonga njenge-botanist ebalulekileyo.



KuMuir, izinambuzane ezincinci kwiiferns okanye amagqabi acekeceke eenyibiba zasendle zaziyifestile yobuhle bendalo kunye neengxangxasi ezinde kunye namawa amakhulu egranite eYosemite Valley. U-Muir wanika uTheodore Roosevelt ukhenketho lomntu siqu kwipaki ngo-1903, eyaphefumlela umongameli ukuba enze intlambo ipaki yokuqala yesizwe.

Ngaba zonke izityalo bezingezihle? Okanye ngandlela ithile luncedo? Muir wabhala. Ngaba ihlabathi belingayi kubandezeleka ngokugxothwa kokhula olunye?



UMir uthe izityalo zamkhusela kubulolo kuhambo lwakhe oluhlala eyedwa. Ukufumana iorchid yasendle enqabileyo kumgxobhozo waseKhanada kwamenza walila kwaye yenye yezona zinto zibalulekileyo ebomini bakhe, wabhala.

UJoseph noGisel babelana ngoxabiso lukaMuir ngezityalo, kodwa baqaphela ukuba ukudala incwadi kunye nomboniso weefoto kwi-botanical specimens ze-Muir yayiyinto enkulu eyayiza kubacela umngeni njengenye into kwimisebenzi yabo. Ngamnye uneminyaka engaphezu kwama-25 yamava kwintsimi yakhe.



Izityalo zikaMuir zagqunywa kuyo yonke indawo, utshilo uGisel, isifundiswa seMuir, umbhali weencwadi ezimbini ezithetha ngaye, kunye nomgcini weSierra Club's LeConte Memorial Lodge eYosemite Valley. UMir wayedla ngokuwafaka encwadini, okanye eBhayibhileni yakhe, aze kamva azithumele. Akazange aphinde azibone ezinye zezi zityalo zicinezelweyo.

Ukufumana izityalo zikaMuir yayingumsebenzi womcuphi. Le mizekelo yayikwindawo yogcino nzulu kwiimyuziyam, iindawo zembali, kunye neendawo zokugcina izityalo, ezaziwa ngokuba ziindawo zezityalo, kunye namashumi amawaka amanye amagqabi agciniweyo agcinwe kwiifolda ezihlelwa ngamagama omfanekiso, kungekhona omntu owawaqokelelayo.

UGisel wajonga iijenali zikaMuir, iileta, kunye namanqaku ukuze aqulunqe uluhlu lwezinto eziqokelelwe nguMuir. Emva koko waya e-UC Berkeley, kwiYunivesithi yaseHarvard, nakwezinye iiyunivesithi ezininzi kunye neemyuziyam kwamanye amazwe kwaye wachitha iiveki efumana izityalo kunye neentyatyambo zikaMuir. Indawo yeMbali yeSizwe yaseMuir eMartinez - indawo yekhaya likaMuir-kwaye kwanika abaphandi ukufikelela kwiisampulu zabo.

Bekudinwa, utshilo uGisel, oqhele iimeko ezimaxongo. Uhlala ententeni eYosemite iinyanga ezintandathu ngonyaka kunye nomtyali wakhe waseScotland ogama linguAtwood. Kwaba ngumlingo ukuqonda ukuba ezi zizityalo eziqokelelwe nguJohn Muir. KuMuir, ezi zazifana neeposikhadi eziphilayo.

UYosefu wajamelana nocelomngeni lwakhe. Kwafuneka ahlolisise imifanekiso yezityalo ezomisiweyo ezingaphezu kwama-600. Emva koko wabuyela kwi-Pleasant Hill waza wachitha iminyaka engaphezu kwemibini ebuyisela imifanekiso eyi-177 yemizekelo ekubonakaleni kwayo xa u-Muir eqala ukumisa kwaye wayigcina.

UYosefu wakhumbula ukuba ezinye zezityalo zazimoshakele. Zazikrazukile, zingwevu, zabuna, zatyiwa zizinambuzane. Zafafazwa ngeekhemikhali, zagcinwa kwiphepha elineasidi, zaza zacofwa ngaphezulu. Izityalo zethu zokuqala zazivela kwi-1864 xa iMfazwe yamakhaya yayisaqhubeka.

UJoseph uchithe iiyure ezingama-20 ukubuyisela umfanekiso omnye. Wongezelela ukungafani, ii-hues eziguqulwayo, ezizaliswe kwiindawo ezilahlekileyo zamagqabi okanye iipetali. Ususe ngokwedijithali iphepha elingasemva kunye neplastiki egquma iindawo ezithile ezisetyenziselwa ukukhusela isityalo.

Isiphumo sajika i-micro-world yezityalo zasendle ezincinci zibe yi-macro art. Ndifuna ukuthatha into engabonakaliyo kwaye ndiyenze ibonakale, utshilo uJoseph.

Imifanekiso yezityalo ezingamashumi amabini anesithathu iboniswa kumboniso, kunye neminye imizobo kaMuir kunye nezicatshulwa eziphakamileyo kwiijenali zakhe. Lo mboniso uya kuhambela iindawo ezijikeleze ilizwe kulo nyaka kwaye emva koko umise kunyaka olandelayo eDunbar, eSkotlani, apho uMuir wazalelwa khona ngo-1838.

UJoseph noGisel bathi balindele ukuba umboniso wabo ubhenele kubalandeli bokulima, ubugcisa, imbali, ukufota kunye nesayensi.

UGisel wathi, ngaphandle kwezityalo, ngekungekho bantu emhlabeni.

Njengoko wayemi ecaleni komnye weefoto zakhe eziziimitha ezisi-7 ubude, uJoseph wathi, Awunakukwazi ukuzibamba kodwa uzive unemincili kukuba esi sisityalo esathathwa nguJohn Muir.

Qhagamshelana noDenis Cuff kwi-925-943-8267. Mlandele Twitter.com/deniscuff .

UKUBA UYA

Yintoni: Unyana Oyintandane yeNdalo: Ukufumana kwakhona iLifa leBotanical likaJohn Muir

Xa: Iyaqhubeka ukuya kutsho ngoMatshi 27. Ulwamkelo lokuvula kunye noStephen Joseph kunye noBonnie Gisel luvela kwi-6 ukuya kwi-8. ULwesine. Ukwamkelwa yi-5 yeedola.

Kuphi: Igalari yaseBedford kwiZiko leNgingqi leDean Lesher loBugcisa, 1601 Civic Drive, Walnut Creek. Iiyure zisemva kwemini ukuya ku-5 p.m. NgoLwesibini ukuya ngeeCawa kunye ne-6 ukuya kwe-8 p.m. xa iziko linemidlalo yeqonga.

Iinkcukacha: http://bedfordgallery.org




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