Ngamanye amaxesha kubonakala ngathi inkcubeko yasePersi yamkelekile kuyo yonke indawo kodwa ekhaya eIran.



Umculo ngokukodwa uhlaselwe kakubi kwiRiphabhlikhi yamaSilamsi, apho nawona magcisa abekekileyo ahlala enyanyezelwa ngaphezu kokubhiyozelwa. Ngelixa iindawo ezithengiswayo kwihlabathi liphela zibulisa i-multigenerational ensemble Masters of Persian Music, eqhuba ngoMgqibelo kwiHolo yaseZellerbach yeCal Performances nangeCawa kwiCarriage House Theatre yaseMontalvo, e-Iran iqela alifane libe nalo ithuba lokudlala esidlangalaleni.

Enye yeenzame zokuqala ezenziwa ngurhulumente ngeentsuku zokuqala yayikukuvala umculo, utshilo u-Abbas Milani, umlawuli weNkqubo yeSifundo se-Iranian yaseStanford. Ekuqaleni, ekuphela kwento ababenokuyivumela kumabonwakude nakwirediyo yayiyimidlalo yamaSilamsi edlala ngothando kunye neengxelo zeKoran. Abavumisi ngelizwi, ngakumbi abafazi abaculayo, bavalwa.





I-Iran yakhulula imiqobo ngokuchasene neekonsathi ngeminyaka yoo-1990, kodwa iimvumi zeli lizwe ziye zazifumana zikwimeko ethe kratya ukusukela kunyulo olwalukhuphisana ngoJuni kunye nokunyuka koqhanqalazo olubanzi. KuKayhan Kalhor, owaseka iiMasters zoMculo wasePersi kunye noHossein Alizadeh ngo-1992, iqela libonelele ngevenkile eyamkelekileyo yamazwe ngamazwe ngexesha apho iingcango ezininzi zasekhaya zivaliwe.

Imeko yentlalontle kakhulu kwaye yezopolitiko, utshilo uKalhor, 47, ethetha ekhayeni lakhe eTehran. Kukho imida ehlekisayo kwizinto ezinokwenziwa ngabantu. Asinazo iikonsathi ezicwangcisiweyo apha ngoku, nangona sinethemba lokudlala ehlotyeni.



Kunzima ukuyibaxa intlonipho ezibanjwa ngayo iinkokeli zendibano.

Umqambi onombono onconywa njengoyena mvumi ucacileyo noliciko kwisizukulwana sakhe, u-Alizadeh, oneminyaka engama-58 ubudala, lichule kumculo wasePersi oxhwiliweyo, okanye itela. Ungene kumzimba omkhulu weengoma zemveli ezaziwa ngokuba yiRadif, isigama esidityaniswe ngokusondeleyo nezingqisho zemibongo yamandulo yasePersi, ukwangumqambi owaziwayo we-avant-garde.



Iimvumi zeClassical zibekwe kuluhlu oluhlonitshwayo ngokusekwe ekubeni zifunde nenani elithile leenkosi kwaye zafunda iigousheh zedastgah, uMilani uthi, ebhekisa kwiimowudi kunye neengoma ezenza iRadif.

Kukho imvumelwano yokuba u-Alizadeh ngumntu oye waphonononga nzulu kodwa kwakhona wenza izinto ezintsha, ngakumbi ngokuzisa izinto zomculo wentsomi kwizakhiwo zeklasikhi. Iingoma zakhe ezidumileyo zisebenzisa zonke izinto zokuhombisa kunye nazo zonke izakhiwo zomculo weklasikhi, kodwa zifake nge-vivacity kunye namandla omculo we-folkloric kunye nohlanga.



UKalhor waziwa ngcono eNtshona kunogxa wakhe omdala, ebehlala eYurophu nase-United States ixesha elininzi lobomi bakhe obudala (nangona wabuyela e-Iran ngo-2003). Inkosi ebalaseleyo yehlabathi ye-Persian spike-fiddle, okanye kamancheh, wazalelwa kwintsapho yase-Iranian Kurdish, kwaye njengo-Alizadeh uye wandisa i-classical repertoire ngokungena kumculo we-folkloric. Udlale ngokubanzi njengelungu eliseka iYo-Yo Ma's Silk Road Ensemble, kwaye okokugqibela wadlala kwiBay Area ngomtya we-quartet weBrooklyn Rider.

Esinye sezizathu eziphambili zokuba yena kunye no-Alizadeh baseke iiMasters zoMculo wasePersi yayikukuvala umsantsa owenziwe waba mandundu luhlaziyo, olwathi lwachitha isiko lomculo elalisusela kwiminyaka eli-1,500 eyadlulayo. Uninzi lweenkosi zelizwe eliphakathi kwinkulungwane yama-20 zayishiya i-Iran ngeminyaka yoo-1980. Ukuhamba kwabo kwashiya isizukulwana sasemva kwenguqu, esenza phantse i-70 yepesenti yabemi, ngaphandle kootitshala kunye nezikhokelo zokudlulisa isithethe somlomo samandulo.



Siye sazama ukugcina ubudlelwane, kwaye senze oko kuyimfuneko kumculo wanamhlanje wasePersi, uKalhor uthi. Sisebenza neemvumi eziselula ukufumana into abanokukunika yona.

Inguqulelo yamva nje yeeMasters zoMculo wasePersi ibonisa abanye babona badlali badumileyo besiko, ingakumbi i-vocalist uHamid Reza Nourbakhsh, ongumfundi welivo lamazwi uMohammad Reza Shajarian, owenza indawo yakhe yokuqala yaseBay Area. Eli qela likwabonisa unyana ka-Alizadeh, uNima Alizadeh kwi robab (lute), Rouzbeh Rahimi kwi santur (idulcimer ekhandiweyo), u-Alireza Hosseini kwi-tombak (igubu) kunye noSiamak Jahangiry kwi-ney (ifluti yengcongolo).

Endaweni yokumisela kuphela iimbongi ezithandwayo zasePersi ezinje ngoHafez, uFerdowsi, uSadi noRumi kumculo, eli qela likwatolika imibongo yangoku.

Ngelixa besakha iibhulorho phakathi kwabantu base-Irani, uKalhor kunye no-Alizadeh bazibophelele ngokulinganayo ekuboniseni obunye ubuso be-Iran, apho imeko yezopolitiko ihlala isisibekele impucuko yakudala nephucukileyo.

Siphuma kwinkcubeko endala kakhulu nexabisekileyo enegalelo elikhulu kwihlabathi, utshilo uKalhor. Sihlala sizama ukumela inkcubeko yanamhlanje yase-Iran. Asizizo izithethe ezisulungekileyo, kodwa sineengcambu kakhulu.

Ikhonkco kunye nenkcubeko yakudala ikhona, kodwa sizama ukwakha kuloo nto kunye namagcisa anamhlanje ahlala kwihlabathi lanamhlanje ngokunjalo.

Iinkosi zoMculo wasePersi

Xa: 8pm iCawe
Apho: Iziko lobuGcisa laseMontalvo, 15400 Montalvo Road, Saratoga
Amatikiti: -, 408-961-5858, www.montalvoarts.org
Kwakhona: 8 p.m. NgoMgqibelo, Zellerbach Hall, Berkeley. -, 510-642-9988




Choice Umhleli Ukuba