I-BLACK SPRINGS, Nev. - Ukhula oluphakamileyo lweenyawo luphuma kwizinyuko kwindawo endala kaJoseph Naso. Isango elingasemva kweyadi elivuthululweyo likhokelela kwiimpahla ezomileyo emgceni, isihlalo sendlu yangasese, inja yokudlala egalelwe emthini.



Ibunile kwaye yakrazulwa, iOld Glory idwelisa emoyeni, emva kweshedi ebethwayo ezele zizixhobo ezaphukileyo. Ikomityi enothuli ihlala kwitafile ekufutshane nefestile yangaphambili.

Umrhanelwa wesizwe wamva nje wokubulala, owagqibela apha kunyaka ophelileyo xa wayebanjelwe ukwaphula umthetho, usenokungaphinde abuyele kolu hambo lubi lwemizi erhuqwayo, iilori ezigrunjiweyo kunye neepopulari ezomileyo kwimizuzu embalwa emantla eReno.





Akukho mntu apha owaziyo ukuba kutheni uNaso, oneminyaka engama-77, ebambe eli qhuqhuva endleleni, umganyana welitye ukusuka kwiindlela ezintandathu ezigqumayo ze-Highway 395.

Wayengumntu ongaqhelekanga, utshilo umfazi ogama linguSummer, umyeni wakhe owalela iindaba zikamabonwakude endlwini.



UNaso wajikeleza lo mmandla kwifoto yakhe yeFord emnyama ishumi leminyaka, ethetha kancinci, engawangawangisanga kwaphela, engabahoyanga bonke ngaphandle konyana wakhe oshwabene ngokulinganayo, uCharles.

Yena kunye nonyana wakhe kuphela ababehlala apho, watsho uCecil Washington, 84. Abazange bathethe kakhulu. Kodwa abazange bakhathaze mntu, kananjalo.



I-Nasos ayizange iphendule umnyango, kungekhona neebhasikithi zeholide, kwaye yayingafane ivele emva kweekhethini ezivaliweyo.

Akukho mntu waziyo ukuba uJoe Naso uziphilisa njani, okanye kwakutheni ukuze isherifu indwendwele indawo yakhe ebiyelwe ngocingo rhoqo. Kwaye akukho mntu waqaphelayo ukuba uCharles, oneminyaka engama-47, wafudukela kwikhaya leqela ngo-2009, eshiya uyise yedwa kwikhaya elilungiselelwe ngaphambili.



Kwihlobo elidlulileyo, amapolisa amaninzi ehla kwi-Avenue yaseMedgar, atywina ibhloko kwaye akrazula indlu emhlophe, enomgangatho omnye, ebetha umgangatho wekhonkrithi kwaye eshiya amajoni karhulumente ukuba agade ipropathi ebusuku.

Apho, abasemagunyeni bakhupha ubungqina obude bobomi babo bonke: iibhokisi zeebhanki ezizele ziincwadi zamanqaku ezizaliswe ziinkcazo zokungcungcuthekiswa kunye nokulandela, iifoto ezibeka ityala, noluhlu lwamagama abasetyhini - ekusenokwenzeka ukuba bekujoliswe kubo, imithombo yatsho.



Ubungqina obufunyenwe endlwini ekugqibeleni budibanise uNaso ekubulaweni okungasonjululwanga okune eMntla California: uRoxene Roggasch, umzimba wakhe wafunyanwa kufuphi neFairfax ngoJanuwari 1977; Carmen Colon, kufuphi nasePort Costa ngoAgasti 1978; uPamela Parsons, kwiNqila yaseYuba ngoSeptemba 1993; kunye noTracy Tafoya, eMarysville ngoAgasti 1994.

Indlela yokubulala ekhethwa nguNaso, imithombo yomthetho ithi, yayikukukrwitsha oonongogo nokulahla imizimba yabo ezilalini. Abaphandi abazukutsho ukuba ngaba abafazi abane abatyholwa ngokubabulala babengoonongogo, kodwa imiqondiso ibonisa ukuba abanye babenokuba ngabo. Kwaye imithombo yonyanzeliso yomthetho isondelelene kakhulu inokusombulula amatyala amaninzi alahlekileyo kunye nokubulawa kwabasetyhini ngaphambi kokuba uphando luphele.

Iintsapho zamaxhoba amane aziwayo, okwangoku, zilinde iinkcukacha.

Asiyazi i-diddly squat, utshilo uSandra Hill, waseYuba City, udade boTafoya. Kwakutheni ukuze ayenze? Wayesenza ntoni ngelo xesha? Wadibana phi nalomfo? Ngoba?

'Ukukhwaza kakhulu'

Ukuziphatha okungaqhelekanga komthonyama waseRochester, N.Y., kwavusa umdla wabo badibana naye ngokukhawuleza emva kokufudukela entshona kwaye baqala usapho olutsha e-East Bay nomfazi uJudith kunye noonyana ababini abancinci. Igqala loMkhosi woMoya, elasebenza de kwangowe-1957, laziphilisa ngokuba ngumfoti ozisebenzelayo.

Wayebanda, ekude kwaye engakhange ajongane namehlo, utshilo uJudith Levy Baker, owayehlala kufutshane neNaso ePiedmont. Bendingazungena naye emotweni.

Uninzi losapho lukaNaso lwahlala eNew York, kwaye wayetyelela rhoqo ngeminyaka yoo-1970. Amantombazana amathathu amancinci anamagama afanayo okuqala kunye nokugqibela abulawa kufuphi neRochester ngelo xesha. Abaphandi bathatha ukujonga okutsha kumatyala aseNew York kunye nokubandakanyeka kweNaso ngokubhekiselele kwiintlawulo zaseCalifornia zakutsha nje, ezibandakanya amaxhoba aneziqalo ezifanayo kumagama abo okuqala kunye nokugqibela.

Xa kufikelelwa ngomnxeba, omnye wabatshana bakaNaso eRochester uthe usapho lukhetha ukungaphawuli.

Ngethuba ehlala ePiedmont, uNaso uqeqeshe iqela lakhe lebhola lebhola lebhola lebhola lebhola lebhola lebhola lebhola lebhola lebhola lebhola lebhola lebhola lebhola lebhola lebhola lebhola lebhola lebhola lebhola e-Beach Elementary School, ehlala enxibe ibhulukhwe kunye nezicathulo zesikhumba ebaleni, abamelwane bathi. Bakhumbula uJudith Naso njengomfazi wabucala kwaye othobekileyo. Kodwa abanye babenexhala ngoonyana uCharlie noDavid.

Kwakukho ingxolo eninzi kunye nengxolo evela endlwini, utshilo uBaker. Ndandidla ngokuzikhathaza ngoCharlie. Kubuhlungu ukuba kwafuneka aphile nayo.

UJoe Naso wayesaziwa ngokunyamalala ixesha elide.

Ndithe ndakuqonda ukuba ngulomfo, ndothuka, utshilo uBaker mva nje. Ngubani ocinga ukuba bayamazi umbulali? Ikwenza uzibuze ukuba yintoni le wayeyenza xa wayesePiedmont.

Umtshato ematyeni

I-Nasos yahlala kwi-Bay Area de kwaba sekupheleni kwe-1970s, xa abamelwane bathi uCharlie waqala ukubonisa iimpawu zeengxaki zempilo yengqondo - oogqirha bafumanisa ukuba une-schizophrenia kwi-20s yakhe - kwaye umtshato weNaso wabetha amatye.

UJudith Naso wafaka isicelo sokuqhawula umtshato ngowe-1979; yagqitywa ngoJanuwari 16, 1980.

Usahlala e-Oakland kodwa walile ukuthetha ngokubanjwa kowayesakuba ngumyeni wakhe, esithi akazi nto ngokubulawa.

Ngexesha leenkathazo zesi sibini ekupheleni kweminyaka yoo-1970, abafazi abaswelekileyo baqala ukujika kwindawo yeBay.

NgoJanuwari 1977, umqhubi wemoto waphuma endleleni kufuphi ne-White's Hill e-Marin County kwaye wabona umzimba kwibrashi. Amapolisa afumene i-5-foot-2, intombazana ebomvu, enxibe kuphela i-pantyhose, iinyawo ziboshwe ngelaphu elimhlophe. Abaphandi bakaSheriff bathi malunga nobundlobongela be-pimp, kwaye ityala likaRoggasch, eli-18, lahlala lingekachukunyiswa amashumi eminyaka.

Ngaphesheya kweSan Pablo Bay, ngo-Agasti ka-1978, igosa laseCalifornia Highway Patrol elalijikeleza iCarquinez Scenic Highway kufutshane neCrockett lafumana isidumbu esibolayo sikaCarmen Colon oneminyaka engama-22 ubudala kwimfumba yenkunkuma engaphantsi kwenani labantu abafikayo. Abasemagunyeni ngelo xesha bakholelwa ukuba lo mfazi wabhubhela kwenye indawo, kwaye ityala labo laphela ngokukhawuleza.

UJoe Naso owayesandul' ukutshata, kwangaxeshanye, wafudukela eSan Francisco ngeminyaka yoo-1980, efumana imoniker uCrazy Joe kubamelwane kwisakhiwo esikwisithili saseMishini ngenxa yomsindo wakhe okhohlakeleyo kunye nokuziphatha okungaqhelekanga.

Kungekudala emva kokufuduka, kuyabonakala ukuba waba nomdla kwibhulunette eneminyaka engama-23 ubudala eyayisebenza kwisakhiwo awayesiphethe. Amapolisa afumene ubungqina bokuba uNaso wathatha amanqaku acacileyo malunga nomfazi, uMargaret Prisco, ebeka uphawu lwakhe lwe-10 kuluhlu lwezinto eziza kwenziwa, umyeni wakhe, uThaddeus Iorizzo, uthe uxelelwe ngumphandi.

Abacuphi baphinda bavavanya amatyala amadala kunye nemikhondo bafowunele lo mfazi kunye nomyeni wakhe kubusika obudlulileyo ukujonga ukuba unjani na. Kuthathe iinyanga ukufowunela esi sibini kuba abacuphi babehluza ubungqina obuninzi bezinto ekujoliswe kuzo nguNaso, u-Iorizzo uthe iarhente yelizwe laseNevada yamxelela.

U-Iorizzo ukhumbule ukuba wakha wabona uNaso elahla izitaki zobukhoboka bephonografi kwinkunkuma. Ngexesha lolunye ukudibana, uNaso woyikisa ngokumbulala u-Iorizzo ngokudlala i-bass yakhe, ehambisa isoyikiso ngelixa enxibe iimbethi-manqindi, izilayidi kunye netanki ephezulu, engcangcazela inqindi ngelixa evala ibhotile ye-tequila kwelinye icala, utshilo u-Iorizzo.

Ukukhangela amaxhoba

UJoe Naso wagqabhuka eSan Francisco, eYuba City, eSacramento, e-Oakland nase-El Cerrito ngeminyaka yoo-1990, eqokelela izigwebo zobusela obuncinci kwisiXeko saseYuba ngo-1994, kunye nokubiwa evenkileni iipere ezingama-30 zeebhulukhwe zabasetyhini kwivenkile yesebe lase-Oakland ngo-1995.

Ngelixa wayehlala kwisiXeko saseYuba, abasemagunyeni baphinda baphanda isibini sokubulala okungaqondakaliyo. NgoSeptemba 1993, uPamela Parsons waduka emsebenzini wakhe njengoweyitala eLinda, kufutshane nesiXeko saseYuba, waza umntu owayedlula ngendlela wawufumana umzimba wakhe kwiintsuku ezimbalwa kamva kwindlela ekwanti engqamene namabhoma kunye nebala legalufa.

Kwaye umhlali waseMarysville uTracy Tafoya, umama wabantwana abancinci abahlanu, wanyamalala ngoAgasti 1994. Inkwenkwe ethengisa amaphepha yafumana isidumbu sayo kumsele wamanzi ecaleni kwengcwaba elingacocekanga kwiintsuku ezimbalwa emva kokubhubha kwayo.

Kodwa igama likaNaso alizange lifike ngexesha lophando lokuqala; waba ngumrhanelwa kuphela ngo-2010, xa i-Nevada probation agents zafuna ikhaya lakhe. UNaso wahlala evalelwe ngenxa yolwaphulo-mthetho lovavanyo ixesha elingangonyaka ngelixa abasemagunyeni besakha amatyala okubulala kuye, kwaye bekhangela amaxhoba amaninzi kulo lonke elaseCalifornia naseNtshona.

Zonke ii-arhente zibambe iingxelo zazo ukuze zijonge kabini, utshilo uDetective Julie Gorwood weSebe lamaPolisa eSan Anselmo. Awusoze wazi ukuba umntu unokukhula kangakanani.

Ukulala phantsi eNevada

Akukho zidumbu ezingafunwayo eziye zavela eBlack Springs ngexesha likaRoy Moore's 26 iminyaka ebumelwaneni. Umdikoni waseFirst Baptist, phezulu esitratweni, wakhumbula uNaso ikakhulu ngenxa yokuswela iinkumbulo.

Ixhego elalikwiveni eyayinothuli mhlawumbi lathetha izigwebo ezithathu kuMoore ebudeni bomsebenzi walo lonke uluntu lwamakhaya angama-93.

Indlela awayethetha ngayo nam yayingaphandle kodonga, watsho uMoore. Wayekwilizwe lakhe.

Abahlali abaninzi baphila kwihlabathi labo apha. Iimbono ze-Nevadan zenkululeko, ubumfihlo kunye nokuzithemba zihamba nzulu kwi-Black Springs.

UCecil Washington, ongunothimba ozichaza ngokwakhe we-Black Springs, wakhe wayisombulula ingxaki yokulahla inkunkuma kufutshane nendlu yakhe ngokusasaza iiponti ezingama-800 zophahla lokugqobhoza amatayara elori. Akukho mntu ubethe ntsho ngamehlo.

Xa abasebenzi bakarhulumente besakha iHighway 395 besondela kunyawo lweMedgar Avenue kumashumi eminyaka eyadlulayo, balumkisa ummelwane waseWashington ukuba ahambe.

Ke banqunqa ecaleni kwendlu yakhe, utshilo uWashington, 84, ewangawangisa intonga nakubani na. Kodwa wayichophela phezulu. Wayengafuni ukuhamba.

Nakulo luntu lukhethekileyo, uNaso wayegqame njengomntu ongazifuniyo phakathi kwezinto ezingafunwayo, kunye nesiporho kwezentlalo nakwirekhodi yoluntu.

Iinkcukacha zodwa zenqaku malunga nobomi bukaNaso kwiirekhodi zenkundla yaseWashoe County zibandakanya ukufuna kwakhe ixesha elide ukugcina ukugcinwa konyana wakhe ongenamandla ngokusemthethweni.

UCharles uchithe ixesha engena kwaye ephuma kumaziko engqondo yoluntu. Walile ukuthetha ngoyise xa intatheli yeBay Area News Group yamtyelela kwikhaya leqela elikufutshane neReno.

UNaso wamlwela ngamandla unyana wakhe. Wamangalela urhulumente ngamalungelo okuhlolwa kokukhubazeka kukaCharles, kunye nokongamela ukhathalelo lwakhe. Nangona emva kokuba u-Aprili 2010 ebanjwe ngenxa yolwaphulo-mthetho - apho wachitha unyaka entolongweni - uNaso wafaka iingxelo zonyaka ezifunekayo malunga nemeko yokuhlala yonyana wakhe.

Nangona imeko yengqondo yewadi ibonakala ilungile, kwihlabathi lakhe, i-paranoia yakhe kunye noloyiko luhlala lukhona, uNaso wabhala ngonyana wakhe kwingxelo yentlalontle yonyaka evela kwi-2009. Ndizama ukumenza ukuba ahambe. Ndiza kumkhupha siye kutya rhoqo, yaye sifunda kunye.

Wabhala ijaji ngo-2006:

Ngokwemigangatho yanamhlanje kunye neendleko zokuphila, andikho kakuhle ngokwasezimalini. Ndolula njalo (sic) dollar ngayo yonke indlela. Andinabo ubomi bentlalontle. Andiziyekeli okanye ndifune iziyolo. Umsebenzi wam ebomini, ixesha lam, kunye nenkcitho yam eninzi ijikeleza ukuzama ukunika inkathalo kunye nentlalontle yonyana wam.

Kwityala lakhe lokuqala lenkundla yolwaphulo-mthetho, abatshutshisi baphikisa ngelithi uNaso wayenako ukuhlawula igqwetha lakhe esithi unempahla ephantse ibe sisigidi seedola.

Kwiveki ephelileyo, inkundla yaseReno ekugqibeleni yamsusa uNaso njengomgcini wonyana wakhe ngenxa yeengxelo zeendaba ezibandakanya izityholo zokubulala umlindi kulo mbandela.

Akukho mntu eBlack Springs obone uNaso unyaka wonke, nangona iveni ihleli ngasemva kwendlu, apho ixhego lalidla ngokuyimisa khona.

Ukungabikho kukayise nonyana, njengobukho babo, akuzange kubangele ukungqubana kweMedgar Avenue.

Ababhali babasebenzi uMalaika Fraley kunye noRick Hurd bafake isandla kule ngxelo. Qhagamshelana noKarl Fischer kwi-510-262-2728 okanye kfischer@bayareanewsgroup.com .

Amaxhoba

ROXENE ROGASCH
Ubudala: 18
Idolophu yasekhaya: Amaqhina e-Oakland, eSan Jose
Ifunyenwe: ngoJan. 11, 1977, ecaleni kukaSir Francis Drake Boulevard kufuphi neFairfax eMarin County
Iinkcukacha zokufa: Umama okwishumi elivisayo wafunyanwa enxibe i-pantyhose kuphela kwaye ebotshwe ezinyaweni ngelaphu elimhlophe. Wemka ekhaya waya kusebenza nesekisi ehambahambayo. Abaphandi balandela isikhokelo ekubulaweni kwakhe, kubandakanya nehenyukazi lase-Oakland elathi waxhwilwa yipimp kwaye yamngcungcuthekisa. Intsapho kaRoggasch yayingenayo into ebonisa ukuba wayebandakanyeka kubuhenyu.

UCARMEN KHOLON
Ubudala: 22
Idolophu yasekhaya: Amaqhina e-Oakland, eSan Francisco
Ifunyenwe: Agasti 13, 1978, eContra Costa County kwiCarquinez Scenic Highway empuma yeCrockett kufutshane nePort Costa
Iinkcukacha zokufa: Igosa laseCalifornia Highway Patrol eliphanda ukudubula kwenkomo lifumene umzimba ohamba ze weColon. Abasemagunyeni bathi bakholelwa ukuba uColon wabulawa kwenye indawo kwaye walahlwa kule ndawo.

PAMELA PARSONS
Ubudala: 38
Idolophu yasekhaya: eLinda, eYuba County
Ifunyenwe: ngoSeptemba 19, 1993, kwiSimpson-Dantoni Road eLinda
Iinkcukacha zokufa: Umzimba we-waitress ufunyenwe kamsinya emva kokuba kufakwe ingxelo yabantu abalahlekileyo. Wayengaqhelananga nentsapho yakhe yaye kusenokwenzeka ukuba wayenxulumana nabahlobo bakhe ababesebenzisa iziyobisi. Ugqibele ukuhlala kwisiXeko saseNevada kwaye kuthiwa wayetshatile kwiminyaka embalwa ngaphambi kokusweleka kwakhe.

TRACY TAFOYA
Ubudala: 31
Idolophu yasekhaya: IsiXeko saseYuba
Ifunyenwe: Agasti 14, 1994, phantsi kodonga lwendlela ye-levee eMarysville eYuba County
Iinkcukacha zokufa: Umzimba kaTafoya ufunyenwe ngumthuthi wephephandaba kwaye abasemagunyeni bathi ubuneentsuku ezintlanu ulapho, kwaye kusenokwenzeka ukuba uphoswe kwimoto ehamba ngakuHighway 70. Wayenabantwana abahlanu kwimitshato emibini kunye nokunxulumana neziyobisi, izalamane zathi. , yaludimaza uphando olunzulu ngokufa kwakhe.




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