Amathambo olutsha lwe-Ice Age Columbian mammoth afunyenwe kwintsimi ekufutshane neCastroville, ukufunyanwa kokuqala kohlobo lwayo eMonterey County.



Iintsalela zafunyanwa zizixhobo zokushukuma komhlaba ngoDisemba, utshilo uMark Hylkema, i-archaeologist yeSithili saseSanta Cruz kwiSebe leePaki.

Indawo echanekileyo efunyenweyo igcinwa phantsi kwe-wraps ukunqanda abazingeli besikhumbuzo ekonakalisweni, ukuphanga okanye ukungcolisa indawo.





I-Hylkema ikhethekile kufundo lwenkcubeko yaseMelika kuNxweme oluMbindi.

Ucebisa ukuba ukugrunjwa okulawulwayo kwesi siza kwenziwe ngenjongo ethile yokukhangela ubungqina bomthonyama wamandulo wokuxhela okanye ukutshiswa kwesi sidalwa esifana nendlovu ngabazingeli be-Ice Age.



Umsebenzisi wezixhobo, uMartin Jefferson, wayecoca umhlaba ukuze andise intsimi yokulima xa iblade yetrektara yakhe yakhuhla into ebonakala ngathi libamba elikhulu, utshilo uHylkema, kwaye waqonda ukuba amathambo afana nalawo esilwanyana esikhulu.

Amanye amaqhekeza amathambo kunye nophondo lwendlovu abandakanya izinyo elikhulu elifana ne-molar elasuswa nguJefferson kudongwe, u-Hylkema uthe, kwaye wazisa abanini bepropati ababiza iipaki zombuso uRanger Nel Lyons, owathi wabika ngokufunyanwa ku-Hylkema.



UHylkema, kunye nabancedisi bentsimi uDawn Johnson kunye noJorge Aguilar, batyelela indawo ngo-Dec. 14 kwaye bafumana iintsalela ezininzi. UHylkema uchaze amazinyo, amabamba kunye namathambo njengasenemingxuma kwaye ekwimeko entle.

Kwakukho iintlobo ezintathu zeemeko zethambo eziphawulweyo, i-Hylkema ibike. Amaqhekeza ebamba lendlovu, amaqhekeza amathambo ahlala ejongeka kunye namanye ajike umbala ngathi atshile okanye atshisiwe.



Ukuba amathambo atshisiwe, wathi, oko kunokubonisa ubudlelwane bomntu kunye neentsalela. Amanye amaqhekeza amathambo athathwe kwiimvavanyo zeradiometric ukujonga ukuba badala kangakanani.

Abantu bamandulo baseMelika baseMelika babenezixhobo ezikhethekileyo - imikhonto enzima enamanqaku enzelwe ukungena kunye nokopha izilwanyana ezinkulu - kwaye ukufumana i-artifact enjalo kuya kubonisa ukuba i-mammoth yaseCastroville yayizingelwa kwaye yabulawa ukutya. Ukuza kuthi ga ngoku, uthe, akukho zixhobo zomntu zifunyenweyo kwindawo.



Inqanaba lomhlaba kunye nokubunjwa apho zifunyenwe khona zibonisa ukuba i-mammoth yafa iminyaka eyi-10,000 ukuya kwi-25,000 eyadlulayo, utshilo uHylkema.

Uninzi olufunyenweyo olunjalo lufunyenwe kumafama abucala xa kusetyenzwa umhlaba, utshilo, kwaye abembi bezinto zakudala baxhomekeke kwisisa kunye nobubele babalimi ukufikelela kwiziza.

IiMammoth zazulazula kuMntla Merika ngaphezulu kweminyaka esisigidi esi-1 kwaye zafa malunga neminyaka eyi-10,000 eyadlulayo, utshilo uHylkema, malunga nexesha abantu bokuqala baqala ukuzalisa ilizwekazi.

Ngeli xesha, uthe, imfihlakalo inkulu kunenyani kwisiza. Akukho mathambo apheleleyo anokubonwa, kuthiwe saa amathambo, izinyo kunye nebamba. Ukugrumba ngumzamo ongaxhaswanga, wokuvolontiya kwelinye lolona hambo lucelomngeni kwendakha ndalwenza, ngenxa yolungiselelo kunye nemozulu embi kakhulu.

Abanini bezakhiwo bafuna ukutyala intwasahlobo kwaye yena neqela lakhe, utshilo uHylkema, babaleka ukugqiba kwinyanga ezayo.

Imyuziyam yasePacific Grove yeMbali yeNdalo inamazinyo amakhulu kunye namabamba phakathi kwemiboniso yayo, utshilo umlawuli wemyuziyam uLori Mannell.

Ukufunyanwa kweCastroville kuyonwabisa kakhulu, utshilo. Kukho ithuba lokufunyanwa kwengingqi entle. Apho ufumana ifosili enye, ungafumana ngakumbi.

Yena kunye noHylkema bathi imyuziyam ayizange ithathe inxaxheba ekufumaneni, kodwa, uMannell uthe, singathanda ukubandakanyeka.

UKevin Howe unokufikelela kwi-646-4416 okanye khowe@montereyherald.com .




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