NgoJuni 14 luSuku lweFlegi, ukukhumbula ukwamkelwa kweNkomfa yeflegi ebomvu-mhlophe-neblue eneenkwenkwezi ezili-13 ngoJuni 14, 1777.



Umongameli uHarry S. Truman wamisela olu suku njengoSuku lweNdwendwe yeSizwe ngo-1949.

Owu, khawutsho uyabona





Nantsi indlela umhobe wethu wesizwe owaphefumlelwa ngayo yiflegi eyayibhabha eFort McHenry ngexesha leMfazwe yowe-1812.

Smithsonian Iziko .



Ukuqala kweBaltimore

UMary Pickersgill wenzela iFort McHenry iiflegi ezimbini: iflegi enkulu yenkampu kunye neflegi encinci yesiphango.



Eyona flegi inkulu yayinkulu kangangokuba wayidibanisa kumgangatho weshishini laseBaltimore. Indwe yayithungwe ngesandla ngomthungo welinen.

Umlo oyingozi



AmaNgesi namaFrentshi ayesemfazweni ukususela ekuqaleni kweminyaka yoo-1800 eYurophu.

I-US yaziswa emfazweni xa iBritane yala ukuyeka ukubamba oomatiloshe base-US kwaye ibanyanzele kumkhosi waselwandle waseBritane.



I-US yabhengeza imfazwe kwi-Great Britain ngo-1812.

AbaseBrithani bathabathe kwaye batshisa iWashington, DC, emva koko baya eBaltimore.

Idabi laseBaltimore labona ibhombu yaseBritani iFort McHenry kangangeeyure ezingama-25 ukuqala ngoSeptemba 13, 1814.

Uqikelelo lune-1,500 ukuya kwi-1,800 yeebhombu ezidutyulwayo.

Amakhulu amane awela phakathi kweendonga zenqaba.

Umkhosi wase-US wawubambe kwaye wamisa ukuqhubela phambili kweBritane.

Amajoni aseMelika angamashumi amabini anesine enzakala aza amane afa.

I-Star Spangled Banner.

Ingoma eqhelekileyo

UFrancis Scott Key wayefuna ukuba umbongo wakhe uculwe kwingoma ethi, Anacreon in Heaven. U-Key wabhala umbongo ngo-1805 kwingoma efanayo.

Umculo ekuqaleni wawubhalwe eNgilani malunga ne-1775 kwaye udlalwa kwii-pubs kunye neeklabhu.

Ingoma yantlandlolo yayimalunga nembongi yamaGrike yenkulungwane yesithandathu egama linguAnacreon owabhala ngokusela nokunxila.

Phambi kokuba i-Star-Spangled Banner yamkelwe njengomhobe wesizwe ngo-1931, uYankee Doodle Dandy ngamanye amaxesha wayesetyenziswa njengengoma yomsitho wesintu.

Isine ngokuchasene nomhobe

Owu uyabona, ngokukhanya kokusa,

Yintoni esiye sayincoma ngokuzingca ngorhatya lokugqibela,

Imigca kabani ebanzi kunye neenkwenkwezi eziqaqambileyo ngomlo oyingozi

Ngaba imigangatho ebesiyibukele ibisasaza ngobunono?

Kwaye ilitha elibomvu lerokhethi, iibhombu zigqabhuka emoyeni,

Unike ubungqina ngobusuku bokuba iflegi yethu yayisekho,

O uthi yenza laa bhanari ijikelezwe inkwenkwezi kodwa izulise

O'er umhlaba wabakhululekileyo kunye nekhaya lamagorha?

Elunxwemeni lubonakala luzizi kumanzi anzongonzongo

Apho utshaba oluzidlayo luthi cwaka luthi cwaka,

Luyintoni na umoya ovuthuzayo, phezu kwamanqwanqwa aphezulu,

Njengoko ivuthela ngokufanelekileyo, isiqingatha sifihla, isiqingatha siyaxela?

Ngoku ibamba ukukhanya komqadi wokuqala kusasa,

Ngobuqaqawuli obuzeleyo bubonakalaliswa ngoku emfuleni,

'Yibhanile ejikijelwe yinkwenkwezi-Owu ingade izuliswe

O'er ilizwe labakhululekileyo kunye nekhaya lamagorha!

Kwaye liphi ibhendi elafunga ngokuzingcayo,

Ukuba isiphithiphithi semfazwe kunye nokudideka kwedabi

Ikhaya neLizwe akufunekanga liphinde lisishiye?

Igazi labo lihlambele ukungcoliseka kweenyawo zabo.

Akukho ndawo yayinokusindisa umqeshwa nekhoboka

Ngenxa yokoyika ukusaba okanye ubumnyama bengcwaba,

Nebhanile ephaphazelayo, ngeloyiso, iphaphazela

O'er ilizwe labakhululekileyo kunye nekhaya lamagorha.

O makube njalo xa abakhululekileyo baya kuma

Phakathi kwekhaya labo elithandwayo kunye nokuphanziswa kwemfazwe!

Usikelelwe ngoloyiso noxolo ngamana umhlaba ohlangulweyo wezulu

Dumisani amandla asenze wasigcina isizwe!

Ke kufuneka soyise, xa isizathu sethu silungile,

Kwaye oku makube yintetho yethu - KuThixo ithemba lethu,

Nebhanile ephaphazelayo, ngoloyiso, iya kutshangatshangisa

O'er ilizwe labakhululekileyo kunye nekhaya lamagorha.

Imibala enentsingiselo

Akukho maxwebhu enkongolo athi imibala yeflegi inentsingiselo esemthethweni, kodwa ababhali-mbali balanda umbala ngamnye ukuze ube nomfuziselo.

Ukunyamezela (bhlowu)Ubuqhawe (obomvu)Inkululeko okanye ubunyulu (bumhlophe)

Iinyani ezidumileyo zeflegi




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