Qaphela, Smokey. Gcina intloko yakho phantsi, Yogi.



Ukuthetha ukuba inani leebhere ezimnyama zaseCalifornia liye laphindaphindeka kane kwiminyaka eyi-25 edlulileyo, amagosa eSebe leeNtlanzi kunye neMidlalo yeSebe abhala imithetho emitsha enokunyusa inani lamabhere amnyama abulawa ngabazingeli ngonyaka ngamnye kurhulumente ngama-50 ekhulwini okanye ngaphezulu.

Isindululo sikwavumela abazingeli okokuqala ngqa ukuba basebenzise izixhobo zenkqubo yokumisa kwihlabathi kwiikhola zezilwanyana abazisebenzisayo ukulandelela iibhere, kunye nezinto ezizenzekelayo ezilumkisa abazingeli xa izinja zabo zibethe ibhere.





Abaphathi bokuzingela baseburhulumenteni bathi imithetho - eya kwandisa umda wangoku we-1,700 ebulawa ngonyaka - iya kunika abantu abaninzi ithuba lokuzingela kwaye ayiyi kuchaphazela kakhulu impilo okanye ubungakanani bebhere emnyama eCalifornia, ngoku i-38,000. Baphawula ukuba ukwanda kweebhere kubangela iingxaki.

Zininzi izehlo ezixeliweyo zeebhere ezenza umonakalo wepropathi yabucala, utshilo uDoug Updike, isazi sebhayoloji yasendle kunye neSebe leeNtlanzi kunye neMidlalo. Abantu bafudukela kwindawo ehlala iibhere, kwaye sineebhere ezininzi ezisasazwe ngokubanzi. Sinonxibelelwano oluninzi phakathi kwamabhere kunye nabantu.



Kodwa amaqela alwela amalungelo ezilwanyana athembisa ukulwa nemithetho emitsha ecetywayo, ukuqala ngoLwesine xa iKomishoni yeeNtlanzi kunye neMidlalo ibamba ukuva eSacramento. Kulindeleke ivoti yokugqibela nge-21 ka-Epreli.

Sisicwangciso esigqithisileyo. Singabachasi abanamandla ekuzingeleni iibhere, kwaye sikugqala njengento engafanelekanga nengenabuntu ukuleqa iibhere ngeepakethe zezinja, siziqhubele phezulu emithini emva koko sizidubule emithini, utshilo uWayne Pacelle, umongameli we-Humane Society of the United States.



Into abayenzileyo apha kukuyenza ibe secaleni ngakumbi ngokucebisa ukuba kusetyenziswe izixhobo zeGPS kunye nokwandisa ukuzingela.

Ibhere emnyama yaseMelika lolona hlobo luncinci kwaye luxhaphakileyo lwebhere eMelika. Ifunyanwa ukusuka eMaine ukuya eCalifornia, kwaye ngokuqhelekileyo inobunzima obuziikhilogram ezingama-500. Iibhere ezimnyama zitya imifuno kwaye azizange zibulale mntu eCalifornia.



Abazala babo abakhohlakeleyo, abatya inyama, iibhere zegrizzly, zatshabalala eCalifornia emva kokuba owokugqibela wadutyulwa ngo-1922.

Phantsi kwemithetho yangoku yokuzingela yelizwe, ixesha lokuzingela ibhere elimnyama eCalifornia liqala ekwindla ngalinye. Iphela minyaka le xa abazingeli bexela ukuya kutsho kwi-1,700 yeebhere ezimnyama ezibuleweyo okanye xa iCawe yokugqibela kaDisemba ifika. Ngamanye amaxesha inani lonyaka likhulu - laliyi-2,028 kwi-2008, umzekelo - ngenxa yexesha le-lag phakathi kokubulala kunye nokugqitywa kwamaphepha.



Isindululo esivela kubasebenzi beeNtlanzi kunye neMidlalo sinikezela ngeendlela ezahlukeneyo zokwandisa inani elipheleleyo, kunye nenketho enye ecebisa ukuba iye kwi-2,500 ebulewe ngonyaka, kwaye enye iphakamisa ukuba kungabikho mda omiselweyo.

Isindululo kwakhona sizakwandisa ukuzingela kweebhere kwi-San Luis Obispo, i-Inyo, i-Modoc kunye ne-Lassen counties. Nangona kungekho ukuzingela kwebhere kuvunyelwe kwi-Bay Area, kusemthethweni kuninzi lwe-Northern California ukusuka e-Sacramento ukuya kumda we-Oregon, kulo lonke elaseSierra Nevada nakwiintaba ezisemaphandleni zaseMazantsi eCalifornia ukusuka kwindawo yaseSanta Barbara ukuya eSan Bernardino.

Amaqela abazingeli athi axhasa ukwandisa ukuzingela kweebhere.

Kwiindawo ezinje ngeSouth Lake Tahoe, iibhere ziwisa iingcango zangaphambili kwaye zingena ezindlini. Kwenzeke kumhlobo wethu. Ibhere yavula ifriji yayo, utshilo uBill Gaines, umongameli weCalifornia Outdoor Heritage Alliance. Inani lezikhalazo malunga neebhere alikho kwiitshathi.

UGaines uphawule ukuba iingcali zebhayoloji yeeNtlanzi kunye neMidlalo zibonise ukuba nokwandisa inani lezilwanyana ezibuleweyo, akusayi kuba nefuthe elibonakalayo kuluntu luphela, nto leyo isebe eliqikelela ukuba ikhule ukusuka malunga ne-10,000 phakathi kwiminyaka yee-1980 ukuya malunga nama-38,000 namhlanje.

Imimiselo isekelwe kwinzululwazi eqinileyo. Asinakukwazi ukuqalisa ukulawula izilwanyana zethu zasendle ngokusekelwe kwiimvakalelo, watsho.

UGaines, owathi wadubula ibhere emnyama engama-300 ngoNovemba eMendocino County kwaye usenayo iikhilogram ezingama-40 zenyama yakhe kwisikhenkcisi sakhe, elungele isityu, waphawula ukuba iCalifornia sele inemithetho eqinile yokuzingela ibhere esizweni. Abazingeli bavunyelwe ukubulala enye kuphela ngonyaka, abakwazi ukusebenzisa imigibe, kwaye abanako ukubulala amantshontsho angaphantsi kweekhilogram ezingama-50, umzekelo.

Kodwa uPacelle, we-Humane Society, wathi abavoti baseWashington nase-Oregon banqanda ukusetyenziswa kwee-hounds ngo-1990 ukuzingela ibhere. Uthe ukuba iKomishoni yeeNtlanzi kunye neMidlalo yaseCalifornia iyakwandisa ukuzingela, iqela lakhe liya kubeka umlinganiselo kwivoti yaseCalifornia ngo-2012 ukuvala ukuzingela kweebhere.

Uye waphawula ukuba ukusukela ngeminyaka yee-1990s, umbutho wakhe awuzange uphulukane nomlo wokuvota eCalifornia, ukuvala ukuzingela kweengonyama zasezintabeni kabini, imigibe yokubamba imilenze, ukuxhelwa kwamahashe kukutya kwabantu, kunye neendlwana ezivalelwe izilwanyana zasefama.

Siphumelele ezintlanu ngokulandelelana, kwaye andithandabuzi ukuba besinokuvota ukuthintela ukuzingela iibhere, besiya kuphumelela ngomda omkhulu, utshilo.

Qhagamshelana noPaul Rogers kwi-408-920-5045.




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