EWASHINGTON - Emva kokugxothwa kwakhe ngo-2005, uCarly Fiorina kwisikhundla sakhe njenge-CEO ye-Hewlett-Packard kwaphawulwa ngokusilela - okuphawulwe ngokuhla kwexabiso lesitokhwe, idabi elibuhlungu kunye neentsapho ezisekayo lwefemu ngenxa yesicwangciso sakhe seshishini, kunye nokudilizwa kwabantu abaninzi kwindawo enkulu. inkampani ihlonitshwa ngokuphatha kakuhle abasebenzi.



Kwiminyaka emihlanu kamva, uFiorina ubalekela kwiSenethi yase-US, kwaye irekhodi lakhe leshishini libuyile kwindawo ebonakalayo. Kodwa uphononongo lolawulo lwakhe, olusekwe kudliwanondlebe nemithombo emininzi eyalandela ixesha lakhe e-HP ngokusondeleyo, ipeyinta umfanekiso ogqwesileyo: lowo womphathi onombono obukhali weqhinga othe ekugqibeleni akakwazanga ukwenza umbono wakhe.

UFiorina uyaqhubeka nokuzoba uphononongo olubi kwizakhono zakhe zokulawula kunye nesitayile sobunkokeli abathi abagxeki bagxile kakhulu kwintengiso ye-buzz kunye neflash. Abanye abagxeki bathi wayitshabalalisa i-HP Way edumileyo, eguqula inkampani eyakhelwe kubuchule obutsha kwaye ixabisa abasebenzi bayo ukuba ibe yibhemothi ephantsi ephethe abasebenzi njengempahla.





I-HP ayiseyondawo ikhethekileyo, utshilo uDavid Woodley Packard, owayesakuba lilungu lebhodi ye-HP utata wakhe waseka inkampani. Uye wangena wayijika yaba yenye into, kwaye andiqondi ukuba bekuyimfuneko.

Kodwa ubuncinci imbeko enye ephambili, ulawulo lukaFiorina kwi-helm ye-iconic ye-Silicon Valley firm iqinisekisiwe ngexesha. Intshukumo yakhe yokutyikitya ngelixa e-HP - i-megamerger ye-25 yeebhiliyoni zeedola kunye neCompaq eyayixhonywe ngababukeli abaninzi ngelo xesha - iye yaba yintsikelelo kwinkampani, iingcali ezininzi ngoku ziyavuma. Oko kufunyanwa kunye nabanye okwenziwa ngumlandeli kaFiorina, uMark Hurd, benze iPalo Alto-based HP inkampani enkulu yeteknoloji emhlabeni.



Udale imeko apho inkampani inokuphumelela, kodwa kuthathe abanye ukuba bayenze isebenze, utshilo umhlalutyi wetekhnoloji uRob Enderle.

Irekhodi le-HP ecaleni, uFiorina ujongene nomngeni omkhulu wezopolitiko. Ngexesha lokungaphangeli okuphezulu eCarlifonia, kufuneka athengise abavoti kwi-savvy yeshishini lakhe ngelixa etyeshela ukugxekwa kwakhe ukuba udebe amashumi amawaka abasebenzi kwaye wathumela imisebenzi phesheya. Ujongene nowayesakuba yiCongressman yaseSilicon Valley uTom Campbell kunye ne-state Assemblyman Chuck DeVore kwi-8 kaJuni yaseRiphabhlikhi yaseprayimari, kwaye ophumeleleyo uya kunyuka ngokuchasene ne-Democratic Sen. Barbara Boxer ekwindla.



I-Mercury News yenza udliwano-ndlebe noluhlu lwabakhi-mkhanyo abanolwazi ukuba bavavanye imibuzo emibini: Ngeminyaka emihlanu yombono wokuvavanya ukuhlala kukaFiorina e-HP, irekhodi lakhe lihlala njani? Kwaye uFiorina unokuba luhlobo luni lweseneta, ujonga indlela aqhube ngayo eHP?

UFiorina eHP: Oobhontsi phezulu okanye phantsi?



Ukuba ixabiso lesitokhwe ngumlinganiselo wokugqibela wempumelelo kwi-CEO, uFiorina uya kufumana ibakala elingaphumeleli. Ngexesha lokuhlala kwakhe iminyaka engama-51/2, isitokhwe se-HP sehla ngeepesenti ezingama-52. Ngokwahlukileyo, intengo yesitokhwe yabakhuphisana abaphezulu be-IBM kunye noDell bawa ngeepesenti ze-27.5 kunye neepesenti ze-3, ngokulandelanayo, kunye ne-tech-heavy index ye-Nasdaq yawa ngama-26 ekhulwini. Nangona izizathu zokugxothwa kwakhe zisaphikisana, ukusebenza kakubi kwenkampani - kubandakanywa neekota ezininzi zenzuzo ephosiweyo kunye neenjongo zengeniso - zazibaluleke kakhulu.

Kodwa ukusebenza kwesitokhwe kunye nomvuzo uqala ukubalisa ibali lexesha likaFiorina kwiHP. Naluphi na uphononongo lujikeleza ngokungenakuthintelwa emva ekufumaneni iCompaq, kwaye apha ngaphambili isigwebo sixubene ngakumbi.



Ukudityaniswa kwaba lelinye lawona mabali amangalisayo kwaye ajongwe ngokusondeleyo kwiminyaka elishumi entlanjeni. Emva kwedabi leenyanga ezisibhozo elimxabanisa neentsapho zakwaHewlett kunye nezakwaPackard, kunye noninzi lwabasebenzi be-HP, uFiorina woyisa kwivoti yommeli ka-2002 ngomda onqabileyo.

Ngeli xesha, uninzi lwabahlalutyi beshishini kunye nabemithombo yeendaba babiza isivumelwano njengelahleko, beqikelela ukuba iyakuhlambulula ishishini lomshicileli wenkomo yenkomo ye-HP kwaye ibethe ubutyebi benkampani kwiiPC ezinomda ophantsi. Abagxeki bayibiza ngokuba linyathelo elibi likaFiorina ukwenza into - nantoni na - enkulu, emva kokuqeshwa ukugubha i-HP kunye nokusilela ukukhupha ukuthengwa kwengalo yokubonisana yePricewaterhouseCoopers.

Njengoko kwavela, ukufunyanwa kuye kwahlawula kakuhle. Abahlalutyi abaninzi bathi inike inkampani ubukho obulawulayo kwi-PC kunye neemarike zeseva kwaye yavumela ukuba ibe yindawo yokumisa enye yeemfuno zeenkampani ezininzi zekhompyutha. I-HP ukusukela oko yafumana uDell njengomthengisi wePC ephezulu kwaye waba yeyona nkampani inkulu yetekhnoloji ngengeniso, eyafikelela kwi-115 yeebhiliyoni zeedola ngo-2009.

Ngamafutshane, uCarly wenze izigqibo ezinzima zokutshintsha inkampani eyayigxekwa ngelo xesha, kodwa i-HP kunye nabanini-zabelo bayo ngoku bavuna imivuzo, izixhobo zephulo likaFiorina zithi. Kudliwano-ndlebe, wazibiza ngokuba yi-CEO ephumeleleyo eyaguqula inkampani ngexesha elinzima kakhulu.

Kodwa abahlalutyi abaninzi bathi ngelixa ukuthengwa kweCompaq kuyasebenza, akucacanga ukuba inkampani ngeyakufika kubude bayo ngoku ukuba ibihleli i-CEO. Bathi uFiorina ufanelwe yikhredithi ngombono wakhe weqhinga, kodwa ukuba kuthathe umntu onezakhono zokusebenza ezingcono - oko kukuthi, umlandeli wakhe, u-Hurd - ukuqonda amandla okudibanisa.

Ngelixa umsebenzi kaFiorina wokuqala wokudibanisa i-HP kunye neCompaq ugqithise ulindelo - ukugcinwa kweendleko kwangaphambili kudlule uqikelelo lwe-1 yeebhiliyoni zeedola - ulahlekelwe ingqwalasela emva kweso sigaba sokuqala, iingcali zathi. Oko kwakhokelela kwiithagethi zomvuzo eziphosiweyo ngokuphindaphindiweyo kunye nemiba yokuthembeka kunye neWall Street, iingxaki ezibangele ukugxothwa kukaFiorina.

Abanye abagxeki bathi wabanjwa kwisicwangciso esikwinqanaba eliphezulu kunye neziganeko zokuthengisa ezikumgangatho ophezulu ukuze enze i-buzz (efana nokuvela eqongeni kumboniso worhwebo kunye nomculi wepop uGwen Stefani kwinyanga ngaphambi kokuba adubule), kunokuba abuyele kwi-nitty. -Imiba yokusebenza emdaka eya kuthi ekugqibeleni igqibe ukuba isivumelwano siya kuhlawula na.

Ukuba i-HP yayingayenzanga isivumelwano seCompaq, ndiyakholelwa ukuba ngeyaba yinkampani yomshicileli phantse ngokupheleleyo - iqokobhe le nto iyiyo namhlanje, utshilo uCharles House, umbhali-mbhali weThe HP Phenomenon, esekwe kudliwanondlebe nabantu abaninzi. yabaphathi beHP bangaphambili nabangoku. U-Fiorina, uthe, uthatha ikhredithi ngento awayeyisungule kwaye waqala. Kodwa ndicinga ukuba ngokuqinisekileyo kufuneka unike isihogo semali eninzi ku-(Hurd) ngokwenza ukuba uphumelele. Ndingathanda ukuthetha ukuba kuya kuba njalo naye apho.

Okanye, njengoko owayesakuba nguSihlalo weCompaq uBenjamin Rosen wabhala kwiposti yebhlog ye-2008 encoma ukudibanisa: Uyenzile ukuba yenzeke. Kodwa ngelixa wayesenza isivumelwano, wayengenaso izakhono zokulawula enye yeenkampani ezinkulu zetekhnoloji zehlabathi.

Uza kuba njani uFiorina njengesenenja?

UFiorina uhlala etyhola ungxowankulu wemali uTom Perkins ngokuncedisa ekwenzeni ukuba adubule. Umlawuli wangaphambili we-HP uyaphika, kodwa akazange abe neentloni ngokugxeka izakhono zokulawula zikaFiorina. Siye satshintshiselana ngezitena ezimbalwa, wathi kudliwano-ndlebe.

Kodwa emva kokuba uFiorina ebhengeze ugqatso lwakhe kwiSenethi, uPerkins wamnika elona galelo liphezulu lephulo kwaye wamphathela ingxowa-mali. Isizathu silula: Ngelixa iintloko ezimbini zibethelwe kwi-HP, ukholelwa ukuba uFiorina uya kuba nguSenator olungileyo kakhulu.

Ngokungafaniyo nerhuluneli okanye usodolophu ophethe i-bureaucracy enkulu, uPerkins uthe, iisenenja aziqhubi nto. Bagxile kwimicimbi yomgaqo-nkqubo kunye nezicwangciso zelizwe, endicinga ukuba uya kuba lichule. Kwaye ungumnxibelelanisi owoyikekayo, okukwabalulekile.

Ngaphandle kwezakhono zakhe zokuthetha ezikhazimlisiweyo kunye nobukho beqonga lokuyalela, abanye bathi ulwazi lukaFiorina lokuqala lweshishini luya kuba yi-asethi enkulu kwiCongress.

Ngokuphathelele ukucaca okucwangcisiweyo, ndicinga ukuba uya kuba yenye yeengqondo eziphucukileyo kwiCongress, ngakumbi kwimiba ebandakanya uqoqosho kunye neshishini, utshilo uNdlu, umbhali.

Ukuvuma kukaFiorina ukucela umngeni kwinkcubeko yomsebenzi we-HP kubonise ukuba uyakwazi ukwenza izigqibo ezingathandwayo, abathandi bathi. Kwaye bathi ubonakalise ukuqina kunye nokuzimisela ekuqhubeni udibaniso lweCompaq ebusweni benkcaso eqatha-impawu ezinokumkhonza kakuhle kwiofisi yezopolitiko.

Unobuntu obungxamisekileyo amaxesha ali-10, utshilo uTom Peters, ingcali yolawulo lweshishini kunye nombhali.

Kodwa abanye bathi uFiorina ungcatshe ukunqongophala kwezopolitiko kunye nokungakwazi ukukhuthaza ukunyaniseka okuhlala kuhleli. Ubudlelwane bakhe obubi kunye nabasebenzi be-HP buxela ngakumbi, abagxeki bathi.

Emva kokuba uFiorina efikile e-HP kwaye waqaqambisa abasebenzi ngomdla wakhe kunye nezithembiso zekamva eliqaqambileyo, abasebenzi baye baphoxeka njengoko befunda ukuba iresiphi yakhe yokuhlaziya i-HP ibandakanya ukudendwa kwabantu abaninzi kunyanzeliswe ngesigqibo esicacileyo, esingenambudane. Konke okuxeliweyo, malunga nabasebenzi be-33,000 bachithwa ngexesha lokuhlala kukaFiorina, ngokutsho kweefayile ze-HP kunye neKhomishini yezoKhuseleko kunye noTshintsho.

Ngaxa lithile u-HP wanyanzelwa ukuba athathe ibhodi yomyalezo wabasebenzi ezele zii-anti-Fiorina screeds, kwaye abasebenzi kwelinye isebe babhiyozele ukudutyulwa kwakhe ngokunikezela nge-Hostess Ding-Dongs kunye nokucula, uDing-dong, igqwirha lifile! ngokukaMichael Malone, umbhali weBill & Dave: Indlela uHewlett kunye noPackard abayakha ngayo iNkampani enkulu yehlabathi.

Kudliwano-ndlebe, uMalone uthe ugxininiso lukaFiorina ekutshiseni umfanekiso wakhe e-HP lucebisa ukuba uzakuba nobunzima bokwakha ubudlelwane nabanye abasenethi.

UFiorina ukwabonise ukuthandabuza kwezopolitiko kwintsebenziswano yakhe nebhodi yabalawuli beHP ekhokelela ekugxothweni kwakhe. U-Fiorina uthe wothuswa kukugxothwa kwakhe, kodwa ngokukaPerkins, ukunganeliseki ngomsebenzi wakhe kwakwakhiwa iinyanga. Uthe uFiorina mhlawumbi wayenokuwusindisa umsebenzi wakhe ukuba ubonakalise ukuguquguquka ngakumbi namalungu ebhodi, awathi atyhala uFiorina ukuba afune abaphathi bokuphucula ukusebenza kwenkampani. Kodwa uFiorina, mhlawumbi engafuni ukubonakala ebuthathaka, wala ukushukuma, utshilo uPerkins.

Ndicinga ukuba wayekholelwa ukuba inxalenye yokuba yi-CEO eyomeleleyo yayingavumeli ibhodi yabalawuli ukuba ihambe phezu kwakhe, utshilo uPerkins. Kodwa kwelinye icala, ibhodi yabalawuli ngumphathi, kwaye kungekudala ukuba anikwazi ukuvumelana ngezinto, umntu kufuneka ashukume, kwaye ayizukuba yibhodi.

Ababhali beendaba zeMercury uKen McLaughlin kunye noChris O'Brien baba negalelo kule ngxelo. Qhagamshelana noMike Zapler kwi-202-662-8921.




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